• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

KEY FEATURES: This text uniquely includes an easy to follow discussion of the emerging brain science and how it connects to counseling children and adolescents. Expanded discussion of child and adolescent development addresses critical differences in age groups, a feature not found in most texts. An up-to-date presentation of counseling theory related to counseling youth, with emphasis on empirically supported approaches, offers basic knowledge students need for counseling preparation. Guided activities and case illustrations are linked to content in each chapter to aid with comprehension, application, and critical thinking. Counseling keystones at the end of each chapter summarize the critical content.

Psychodynamic Theories
Chapter 5 Psychodynamic theories
Catherine Tucker Elaine Wittman

I was always looking outside myself for strength and confidence, but it comes from within. It is there all the time.

—Anna Freud

INTRODUCTION

Although the psychodynamic theories have fallen out of favor since the introduction of quicker, less complex approaches like cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) and brief therapies, new research in brain science is causing many therapists and professors to take a new look at these older ways of conducting therapy. An article in the annual health issue of the New York Times Magazine (June 28, 2015), titled “Tell It About Your Mother: Can Brain Scanning Save Freudian Psychoanalysis?” shows a white-haired analyst sitting in front of an MRI ...

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