As an ethical and political project, cosmopolitanism involves the transformation of systems of governance, law and decision-making taking into account principles of hospitality and solidarity in the light of matters transcending both transnational and local interests. Such a project requires formal, institutional interventions which enhance or redesign structures of global governance (Kurasawa 2004: 236). Yet, on their own, these institutional initiatives are not sufficient developments for the widespread acceptance, adoption and practice of a cosmopolitan form of ethics. As well as institutional innovations, this would require a widespread redefinition of normative bonds of solidarity and a robust sense of mutual belonging ‘without bounds’ (Kurasawa, 2004). This would, as Szerszynski and Urry note, require “massive cultural work” (2002: 465) to generate bonds of ...