Correctional Boot Camps: Military Basic Training or a Model for Corrections?
Publication Year: 2004
Boot camps have developed over the past two decades into a program that incorporates a military regimen to create a structured environment. While some critics of this method of corrections suggest that the confrontational nature of the program is antithetical to treatment, authors Doris Layton MacKenzie and Gaylene Styve Armstrong present research knowledge and personal discussions with community leaders that offer insight into both the strengths and weaknesses of this controversial form of corrections.
Correctional Boot Camps: Military Basic Training or a Model for Corrections? provides the most up-to-date assessment of the major perspectives and issues related to the current state of boot camps. The book goes beyond cursory examinations of the effectiveness of boot camps, presenting an in-depth view of a greater variety of issues. ...
- Front Matter
- Back Matter
- Subject Index
Part I: The Boot Camp Model
- Chapter 2: Boot Camps as a Correctional Option
- Chapter 3: Boot Camp Prisons for Young Offenders
- Chapter 4: Correctional Boot Camps for Juveniles
Part II: The Debate About Boot Camps
- Chapter 5: Shock Incarceration: Rehabilitation or Retribution?
- Chapter 6: A “Machiavellian” Perspective on the Development of Boot Camp Prisons: A Debate
Part III: The Environment of Boot Camps
- Chapter 7: Performance-Based Standards for Juvenile Corrections
- Chapter 8: Perceived Conditions of Confinement: A National Evaluation of Boot Camps and Traditional Facilities
- Chapter 9: Boot Camps and Traditional Correctional Facilities for Juveniles: A Comparison of the Participants, Daily Activities and Environments
- Chapter 10: The Environment and Working Conditions in Juvenile Boot Camps and Traditional Facilities
Part IV: Inmate Adjustment and Change During Incarceration
- Chapter 11: The Impact of Boot Camps and Traditional Institutions on Juvenile Residents: Perceptions, Adjustment, and Change
- Chapter 12: Inmates' Attitude Change During Incarceration: A Comparison of Boot Camp with Traditional Prison
Part V: Impact on Future Criminal Activities
- Chapter 13: Boot Camp Prisons and Recidivism in Eight States
- Chapter 14: Effects of Correctional Boot Camps on Offending
Part VI: Adjustment in the Community
- Chapter 15: Shock Incarceration and Positive Adjustment During Community Supervision
- Chapter 16: Characteristics Associated with Successful Adjustment to Supervision: A Comparison of Parolees, Probationers, Shock Participants, and Shock Dropouts
Part VII: Special Offender Populations in Boot Camps
- Chapter 17: Boot Camp Prisons for Women Offenders
- Chapter 18: Shock Incarceration and Its Impact on the Lives of Problem Drinkers
- Chapter 19: The One-Year Community Supervision Performance of Drug Offenders and Louisiana DOC-Identified Substance Abusers Graduating from Shock Incarceration
Part VIII: System-Level Impacts
Part IX: Boot Camps in the Future
[Page ii]To Todd Armstrong and to the memory of David R. MacKenzie
Copyright © 2004 by Sage Publications, Inc.
All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
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Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Correctional boot camps: Military basic training or a model for corrections?
Editors, Doris Layton MacKenzie, Gaylene Styve Armstrong.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
ISBN 0-7619-2938-X (cloth)—ISBN 0-7619-2939-8 (pbk.)
1. Shock incarceration. 2. Criminals—Rehabilitation. I. MacKenzie, Doris L. II. Armstrong, Gaylene Styve.
04 05 06 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
Acquiring Editor: Jerry Westby
Editorial Assistant: Vonessa Vondera
Production Editor: Diana E. Axelsen
Typesetter: C&M Digitals (P) Ltd.
Indexer: David Luljak
Cover Designer: Edgar Abarca
About the Editors[Page 339]
Doris Layton MacKenzie, Ph.D., is Professor in the Department of Criminology and Criminal Justice at the University of Maryland and Director of the Evaluation Research Group. Previously, she was a faculty member at Louisiana State University, where she was honored as a “Researcher of Distinction,” and was awarded a Visiting Scientist position at the National Institute of Justice. As Visiting Scientist, she provided expertise to federal, state and local jurisdictions on correctional boot camps, correctional policy, intermediate sanctions, research methodology, experimental design, statistical analyses, and evaluation techniques.
As an expert in criminal justice, Dr. MacKenzie has consulted for state and local jurisdictions and has testified before U.S. Senate and House Committees. She has an extensive publication record on such topics as examining what works to reduce crime in the community, inmate adjustment to prison, the impact of intermediate sanctions on recidivism, long-term offenders, methods of predicting prison populations, self-report criminal activities of probationers, and boot camp prisons. She directed funded research projects on the topics of “Multi-Site Study of Correctional Boot Camps,” “Descriptive Study of Female Boot Camps,” “Probationer Compliance With Conditions of Supervision” and “The National Study of Juvenile Correctional Institutions” and “What Works in Corrections.” She is past chair of the American Society of Criminology's Division on Corrections and Sentencing. She earned her doctorate from Pennsylvania State University.
Gaylene Styve Armstrong, Ph.D., is Assistant Professor in the Department of Criminal Justice and Criminology at Arizona State University West. Her research has focused on corrections, juvenile delinquency, and applied statistical modeling. She was principal investigator on a grant funded by the National Institute of Justice that examined the effects of privatization on environmental quality in juvenile correctional facilities. This research on privatization resulted in a book titled Private vs. Public Operation of Juvenile Correctional Facilities. Some of her other recent research can also be found in Crime and Delinquency, Justice Quarterly, and Journal of Research on Crime and Delinquency. She was nominated for the Carnegie Foundation's U.S. Professor of the Year Award for her excellence in teaching. She obtained her doctorate in criminology and criminal justice from the University of Maryland.