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Chapter 2: Assam Movement: Laying the Foundation of an Armed Struggle
The twin concerns of the Assam Movement were detection and deportation of illegal immigrants and the stepmotherly attitude of the Centre towards a peripheral state like Assam. According to Professor Tilottoma Misra, despite being the largest producer of tea, oil, plywood and forest products, Assam is one of the poorest and the most industrially backward states in the country.1 Professor Misra used the term colonial hinterland to describe Assam's position in the Indian nation-state.
Various journalists all over the country wrote passionately about the cause of the Assam Movement. In the Sunday Magazine, N. N. Prabhu said:
Alphabetically Assam is next to Andhra Pradesh in the list of Indian states. ...