Concepts in World Politics
Publication Year: 2016
Subject: Regional & World Politics (general)
Recognizing the vital importance of concepts in shaping our understanding of international relations, this ground-breaking new book puts concepts front and centre, systematically unpacking them in a clear, critical and engaging way. With contributions from some of the foremost authorities in the field, Concepts in World Politics explores 17 core concepts, from democracy to globalization, sovereignty to revolution, and covers: • The multiple meanings of a concept, where these meanings come from, and how they are employed theoretically and practically • The consequences of using concepts to frame the world in one way or another • The method of concept analysis A challenging and stimulating read, Concepts in World Politics is an indispensable guide for all students of international relations looking to develop a more nuanced and sophisticated ...
- Front Matter
- Subject Index
- Chapter 1: Unpacking Concepts
- Chapter 2: Power
- Chapter 3: Security
- Chapter 4: Rationality
- Chapter 5: Identity
- Chapter 6: War
- Chapter 7: Peace
- Chapter 8: Anarchy
- Chapter 9: Society
- Chapter 10: Capitalism
- SYSTEMS OF GOVERNANCE
- Chapter 11: Sovereignty
- Chapter 12: Hegemony
- Chapter 13: Democracy
- Chapter 14: Religion
- MODES OF TRANSFORMATION
- Chapter 15: Revolution
- Chapter 16: Intervention
- Chapter 17: Integration
- Chapter 18: Globalization
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Editorial arrangement and Chapter 1 © Felix Berenskoetter
Chapter 2 © Stefano Guzzini
Chapter 3 © Holger Stritzel and Juha A. Vuori
Chapter 4 © Annette Freyberg-Inan
Chapter 5 © Richard Ned Lebow
Chapter 6 © Antoine Bousquet
Chapter 7 © Oliver P. Richmond and Felix Berenskoetter
Chapter 8 © Alex Prichard
Chapter 9 © Oliver Kessler and Benjamin Herborth
Chapter 10 © Benno Teschke and Frido Wenten
Chapter 11 © Tanja Aalberts
Chapter 12 © Alejandro Colás
Chapter 13 © Piki Ish-Shalom
Chapter 14 © Maria Birnbaum
Chapter 15 © Rahul Rao
Chapter 16 © David Chandler
Chapter 17 © Thomas Diez
Chapter 18 © Stephan Stetter
First published 2016
Apart from any fair dealing for the purposes of research or private study, or criticism or review, as permitted under the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act, 1988, this publication may be reproduced, stored or transmitted in any form, or by any means, only with the prior permission in writing of the publishers, or in the case of reprographic reproduction, in accordance with the terms of licences issued by the Copyright Licensing Agency. Enquiries concerning reproduction outside those terms should be sent to the publishers.
Library of Congress Control Number: 2016934261
British Library Cataloguing in Publication data
A catalogue record for this book is available from the British Library
ISBN 978-1-4462-9427-7 (pbk)
Editor: Natalie Aguilera
Editorial assistant: Delayna Spencer
Production editor: Katie Forsythe
Copyeditor: Sharon Cawood
Proofreader: Clare Weaver
Marketing manager: Sally Ransom
Cover design: Stephanie Guyaz
Typeset by: C&M Digitals (P) Ltd, Chennai, India
Printed and bound by CPI Group (UK) Ltd, Croydon, CR0 4YY
This volume has its origin in a meeting I had with Natalie Aguilera, editor at SAGE, during the BISA conference in Manchester in April 2011. It was one of those conversations academics have with publishers about where they see the discipline heading. At one point I mentioned that much of my teaching at SOAS revolved around concepts and how, in my view, there was little material in IR dedicated to concepts aimed at students. When Natalie followed up a year later, I began to see the contours of a project. A successful application to the International Studies Association (ISA) for a Venture Workshop Grant on Concept Analysis enabled me to organize two workshops in Toronto and London in 2014, which eventually led to this volume.
The journey was enjoyable but also hard work, and I am grateful to a number of institutions and people for their support. The ISA grant was crucial for getting the project off the ground and Laura Gottschalk helped with the organization of the Toronto workshop. At SOAS, the Faculty of Law and Social Sciences and the Department of Politics and International Studies provided financial support for the London workshop, with Nadiya Ali providing valuable assistance. My contacts at SAGE, especially Natalie, Amy Jarrold, and Katie Forsythe were fantastic to work with, as they competently and cheerfully shepherded the project towards and through the production process. Alexej Ulbricht skillfully compiled the index.
And, of course, I thank the contributors for joining and believing in the project. This was a collective endeavor and I am grateful for their insights, efforts and patience during many rounds of revisions. Their chapters bring this book to life. My deepest gratitude goes to my partner Caroline, who supported me in various ways, not least by tolerating me working long hours on too many occasions. Our son Hugo was born when I started this project; now it is done and, well, he likes the cover. So I dedicate this book to him, with love.London, April 2016
About the Editor and Contributors[Page viii]
Tanja Aalberts is Senior Researcher at Transnational Legal Studies, VU Amsterdam and co-director of the Centre for the Politics of Transnational Law. Her fields of interest are International Relations theory, international legal theory and international political sociology, and her research focuses on the interplay between law and politics in practices of global governance. She is co-editor of The Power of Legality: Practices of International Law and their Politics (Cambridge University Press, 2016) and has published in inter alia the European Journal of International Relations, Review of International Studies, and Millennium. She is founder and series editor of the Routledge book series on the Politics of Transnational Law, and editor for the Leiden Journal of International Law.
Felix Berenskoetter is Senior Lecturer (Associate Professor) in International Relations at SOAS, University of London. He holds a PhD from the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) and specialises in international theory and concepts, in particular friendship, identity, power, security, peace, and time; as well as German foreign policy, European security and transatlantic relations. He has published articles in various journals, including International Studies Quarterly, Security Studies and European Journal of International Relations and co-edited Power in World Politics (Routledge, 2007). Felix is a former editor of Millennium: Journal of International Studies, founder and former chair of the ISA Theory Section, and currently an Associate Editor of the Journal of Global Security Studies.
Maria Birnbaum is Research Associate on the ERC-funded project “ReligioWest” at the European University Institute (EUI) in Florence and a post-doctoral fellow at the University of Oslo. She holds a PhD in International Relations from the European University Institute. Her work focuses on the international politics of religion and culture as well as different forms and critiques of recognition in international politics, especially in relation to the colonial history of British India and Palestine. Recent publications include ‘Emerging International Subjects: The Royal “Peel” Commission, Palestine Partition and the Establishment of Religious Difference at the United Nations’, in: Stensvold (ed.) Religion, State and the United Nations, (Routledge, 2016); ‘Exclusive Pluralism’, in: Stack et al. (eds.) Religion as a Category of Governance and Sovereignty, (Brill, 2015). Current projects include Non-Representational Agency in International Relations and Traveling Knowledge: The Connected Histories of Pakistan and Israel.
[Page ix]Antoine Bousquet is Senior Lecturer in International Relations at Birkbeck College, University of London. His main research interests are concerned with the entangled relationship of war and society, the history and philosophy of science and technology, and social and political theory in the digital age. He is the author of The Scientific Way of Warfare: Order and Chaos on the Battlefields of Modernity (Hurst Publishers, 2009) and has published various articles in a range of peer-reviewed journals. He is currently completing a second monograph on the logistics of military perception entitled The Martial Gaze.
David Chandler is Professor of International Relations, Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Westminster, London. He is the founding editor of the journal Resilience: International Policies, Practices and Discourses; his latest books are Resilience: The Governance of Complexity (Routledge, 2014) and The Neoliberal Subject: Resilience, Adaptation and Vulnerability (Rowman & Littlefield, 2016).
Alejandro Colás is Reader in International Relations at Birkbeck College, University of London where he directs the MSc in International Security and Global Governance. He is author of Empire (Polity Press, 2007) and co-editor with Bryan Mabee of Mercenaries, Pirates, Bandits and Empires: Private Violence in Historical Context (Hurst, 2011). Alex has published on issues such as jihadist terrorism in Spain, American imperialism, Islamism in North Africa and cosmopolitan solidarity in International Affairs, the European Journal of International Relations, Development & Change and the Review of International Studies.
Thomas Diez is Professor of Political Science and International Relations at the University of Tübingen and President of the European International Studies Association (EISA) 2015-7. From 1997 to 2000, he was Research Fellow at the Copenhagen Peace Research Institute and subsequently taught at the University of Birmingham. Among his publications are The Securitisation of Climate Change (Palgrave, 2016), Key Concepts in International Relations (co-author, Sage 2011), and European Integration Theory (Oxford University Press, 2009). In September 2009, he received the Anna Lindh Award for his contribution to the field of European Foreign and Security Policy Studies.
Annette Freyberg-Inan teaches International and European Politics and Political Economy as well as Social Science Methodology at the University of Amsterdam and is a member of the research program on Political Economy and Transnational Governance at the Amsterdam Institute for Social Science Research. Her recent books include Human Beings in International Relations (Cambridge University Press, 2015), with Daniel Jacobi; Evaluating Progress in International Relations: How Do You Know?! (Routledge, 2016), with Ewan Harrison and Patrick James; and Growing Together, Growing Apart: Turkey and the European Union Today (Nomos, 2016), with Olaf Leisse and Mehmet Bardakci. She chairs the Theory Section of the International Studies Associations and has since 2012 co-edited the Journal of International Relations and Development.
Stefano Guzzini is Senior Researcher at the Danish Institute for International Studies, Professor at Uppsala University and at PUC-Rio de Janeiro. His research focuses on [Page x]international theory, security studies, approaches to foreign policy analysis, concepts and theories of power, as well as interpretivist methodologies. He has published nine books, including The Return of Geopolitics in Europe? Social Mechanisms and Foreign Policy Identity Crises (Cambridge University Press, 2012), and Power, Realism and Constructivism (Routledge, 2013), winner of the 2014 ISA Theory Section Best Book Award. He currently serves as President of the Central and East European International Studies Association (CEEISA).
Benjamin Herborth is Assistant Professor at the Department of International Relations and International Organization, History and Theory of International Relations, at the University of Groningen. His research interests include social and political theories in and of international relations, world society studies, critical theory and international politics, the politics of security, and reconstructive methodology. Recent and forthcoming publications include ‘Theorizing Theorizing: Critical Realism and the Quest for Certainty’, Review of International Studies 2012, ‘The Elusive Nature of Human Nature’, International Studies Review 2012, ‘Recognition and the Constitution of Social Order’ (with Oliver Kessler), International Theory 2013, ‘The West: A Securitizing Community?’ (with Gunther Hellmann, Gabi Schlag and Christian Weber), Journal of International Relations and Development 2014 and ‘Imagining Man – Forgetting Society’, in Jacobi/Freyberg-Inan, Human Beings in International Relations, Cambridge University Press 2015. An edited volume Uses of the West (with Gunther Hellmann) is forthcoming with Cambridge University Press.
Piki Ish-Shalom holds the A. Ephraim and Shirley Diamond Family Chair in International Relations at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. He is the author of Democratic Peace: A Political Biography (University of Michigan Press, 2013), as well as articles in different scholarly journals and edited volumes.
Richard Ned Lebow is Professor of International Political Theory in the War Studies Department of King’s College London, Bye-Fellow of Pembroke College, University of Cambridge and the James O. Freedman Presidential Professor (Emeritus) of Government at Dartmouth College. His most recent books are Return of the Theorists: Dialogues with Dead Thinkers (Palgrave, 2016), coedited with Peer Schouten and Hidemi Suganami, and National Identifications and International Relations (Cambridge University Press, 2016). His edited volume Max Weber and International Relations will be published by Cambridge in 2017. In December 2015, he completed fifty years of university teaching.
Alex Prichard is a Senior Lecturer in International Relations at the University of Exeter. His research brings together IR theory, political theory and anarchist political thought, in order to rethink the constitutional potential of anarchy for a post-sovereign politics. He gained his PhD from Loughborough University in 2008, and has since published widely on the thought of Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, anarchism and IR theory. He is co-editor of the monograph series ‘Contemporary Anarchist Studies’, published by Manchester University Press.
[Page xi]Rahul Rao is Senior Lecturer (Associate Professor) in Politics at SOAS, University of London. He holds a DPhil in International Relations from the University of Oxford. His research interests encompass critical international relations theory, comparative political thought, and gender and sexuality, with an area focus on South Asia and East Africa. He is the author of Third World Protest: Between Home and the World (Oxford University Press, 2010) and of articles in numerous journals. He sits on the editorial boards of International Feminist Journal of Politics and South Asia Research, is a member of the Radical Philosophy editorial collective, and blogs at The Disorder of Things.
Oliver Richmond is Research Professor of International Relations, Peace & Conflict Studies at the University of Manchester. His primary area of expertise is in peace and conflict theory and practices, and in particular its inter-linkages with IR theory, and he has published widely on this topic. He is currently working on a book on Progress, Peace and Intervention. His most recent work has been on peace formation and its relation to state formation, statebuilding, and peacebuilding (Failed Statebuilding and Peace Formation, Yale University Press, 2014, and Peace Formation and Political Order, Oxford University Press, 2016). This area of interest has grown out of his work on local forms of critical agency and resistance, and their role in constructing hybrid or post-liberal forms of peace and states (A Post-Liberal Peace, Routledge, 2011). He has also recently written Peace: A Very Short Introduction (Oxford University Press, 2014) and is co-editor of the journal Peacebuilding.
Stephan Stetter is Professor of World Politics and Conflict Studies at the University of the Bundeswehr in Munich. He holds a PhD from the London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) and specializes in world society theory, Middle East politics and conflicts as well as EU foreign policy. He has published numerous articles in various journals and is the author of World Society and the Middle East (Palgrave, 2008). Stephan is an editor of the leading German-language IR journal the Zeitschrift für Internationale Beziehungen and chairperson of the IR-section of the German Political Science Association.
Holger Stritzel is Lecturer at King’s College London, University of London. He holds a PhD from the London School of Economics and Political Science and specializes in security theory and German foreign policy and transatlantic relations. He has published articles in various journals including European Journal of International Relations, Review of International Studies and Security Dialogue. His most recent book Security in Translation (Palgrave, 2014) explores the spread and translation of security concepts in international affairs.
Benno Teschke is Reader in the IR Department at Sussex University and an Affiliated Visiting Professor in the Politics Department, Copenhagen University. His research interests comprise IR Theory, International Historical Sociology, Marxism and the Philosophy of the Social Sciences. He is the author of The Myth of 1648: Class, Geopolitics and the Making of Modern International Relations (Verso, 2003), which was awarded the 2004 Isaac Deutscher Memorial Prize, and has published widely in the field of IR and the Social Sciences, including in International Organization and the New Left Review. [Page xii]Teschke is an editorial board member of International Theory and a Management Committee Member of the Sussex Centre for Advanced International Theory.
Juha A. Vuori is acting Professor of World Politics at the University of Helsinki, and an Adjunct Professor of International Politics at the University of Tampere. His main research focus has been on the critical development of securitization theory through illocutionary logic, semiotics, and the application of the approach to the People’s Republic of China. He is the author of Critical Security and Chinese Politics (Routledge, 2014) and co-author of A History of the People’s Republic of China (in Finnish, Gaudeamus Helsinki University Press, 2012).
Frido Wenten received his PhD in Development Studies from SOAS, University of London in 2016. His research is on labour relations, movements and development in the Global South, with a particular focus on transnational automotive production in China and Mexico. He has published on IR and IPE theory and the post-1978 socio-economic transformation, labour and migration in China.