- Subject index
The benchmark First and Second Editions of Comparing Democracies represented essential guides to the global study of elections. Reflecting recent developments in the field, this timely new edition gives an indispensable state-of-the art review of the whole field from the world's leading international scholars. With a completely new thematic introduction which explores how democracy is built and sustained, thoroughly updated chapters (many of which are also new), the Third Edition provides a theoretical and comparative understanding of the major topics related to elections and introduces important work on key new areas. Comparing Democracies, Third Edition will remain a must-read for students and lecturers of elections and voting behavior, comparative politics, parties, and democracy.
Chapter 7: Ideology, Partisanship, and Democratic Development
Ideology, Partisanship, and Democratic Development
Electoral politics provides a means for society to make collective judgments about the past policies of government and the direction a future government should follow. Often elections will represent a competition between groups and their contending interests within a nation. Of course, these divisions can take many forms. For a large part of the twentieth century the economic competition between social classes seemed to dominate politics in many Western democracies. In other nations, religious, regional, or other social cleavages define the issues of electoral politics and public policy. The issues and personalities of campaigns are often derived from these competing social interests, or at least this is the presumption of many election campaigns.
At a deeper ...