Community Projects as Social Activism: From Direct Action to Direct Services
Publication Year: 2015
Community Projects as Social Activism: From Direct Action to Direct Services by Benjamin Shepard is an engaging and accessible work that will get today's students excited about the very real prospect of achieving lasting, positive change within their communities. It outlines a distinct approach to community practice born out of the intersection among social movements, day-to-day organizing, and the lessons of five decades of community change practices. This invaluable resource is a must-have for anyone involved in community organization, community health, and community activism practice research and policy.
- Front Matter
- Back Matter
- Subject Index
Part I: Theory, Contexts, and Understandings
- Chapter 1: On Community Practice
- Chapter 2: Activism in a Changing World: Looking Back to Move Forward
- Chapter 3: Learning From Community Projects
Part II: Practice and Power
- Chapter 4: Introduction to Part II on Social Action and Power
- Chapter 5: Identifying Issues
- Chapter 6: Research as Action
- Chapter 7: Mobilization and Spreading the Message
- Chapter 8: Direct Action and “Getting the Goods”
- Chapter 9: Legal Strategies
- Chapter 10: From Joy to Justice: Mixing Fun and Community Building
- Chapter 11: Social Movement to Social Services: From the Black Panthers to the Young Lords
- Chapter 12: From Critique to Coexistence With Capital: The Woodlawn Organization and the Dilemmas of Community Development
- Chapter 13: ACT UP to the World: Direct Action to Direct Services
- Chapter 14: Affinity Group to Movement Organization: Housing Works
- Chapter 15: Harm Reduction and Human Services: Experiments in Syringe Exchange
- Chapter 16: The Perils of the Nonprofit Industrial Complex
- Chapter 17: DIY Politics and World-Making: Mutual Aid, Anarchism, and Alternative Solutions
- Chapter 18: Multi-Issue Organizing: From the Women's Movement to Struggles for Global Justice
- Chapter 19: Community Building Against Inequality: Zapatistas, Occupations, and Transnational Advocacy
- Postscript: Concluding Notes on Friendships, Social Networks, and Social Change
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Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Shepard, Benjamin, 1969-
Community practice as social activism: from direct action to direct services / Benjamin Shepard, New York City College of Technology, City University of New York. — First Edition.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
ISBN 978-1-4129-6426-5 (pbk)
1. Social movements—United States. 2. Community-based social services—United States. 3. Political participation—United States. I. Title.
This book is printed on acid-free paper.
14 15 16 17 18 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
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Books are not written as much as they are the product of years of collective experience, collaboration, stories, conversations, and in this case engagements between friends and colleagues, organizers, activists, teachers, students, mentors, and others connecting worlds and community projects. Much of this story began when I was assigned to teach community projects at Cal State Long Beach. There, John Oliver engaged me in countless conversations about teaching organizing. Between these chats, class preparations, and class time with students, the ideas and experiences grew into a book proposal written for Kassie Graves at SAGE. The project would not have happened if not for Graves's patient support over the seven years from initial proposal through completion and polishing of the manuscript. Others, such as Steve Burkhart, offered constructive feedback and encouragement along the way. Ian Landau helped me transcribe and edit many of the raw interviews used as the basis for this story. And Peter Labella helped edit and polish the prose. The Honorable Judith Kaye deserves great thanks for connecting me with the Red Hook Community Court. Steve Duncombe, James Tracy, and Ron Hayduk offered constructive advice on ways to move the project forward. And Brennan Cavanaugh, Peter Meitzler, Allan Clear, and other activists and photographers offered me permissions to use their wonderful photographs.
Yet, there would not be a story of community projects as social activism if it were not for a generation of organizers who linked a theory of change with a model of practice. Countless activists sat for interviews before and during doctoral research. Their ideas form the basis for this research: Panama Alba, Mark Andersen, Greg Berman, Kate Barnhart, Jeane Bergman, Jay Blotcher, L. M. Bogad, Andrew Boyd, Brendon Cavanaugh, Arthur Brazier, David Crane, Bill DiPaula, Tim Doody, William Etundi, Donald Grove, Ron Hayduk, Jenny Heinz, Susan Howard, Keegan, Bob Kohler, Kate Crane, Bonfire Madigan, Steve Quester, Karen Ramspacher, Matthew Roth, Ginny Schubert, John Sellers, Eustacia Smith, David Solnit, Dean Spade, Starhawk, James Tracy, Andy Velez, Randy Wicker, L. J. Wood, Susan Wright. This book would not be possible without their support for these efforts. The research on AIDS, gardens, and public space activism would not have been possible without the support of community groups such as Time's Up!, Occupy, and ACT UP!
I would like to thank all the activists involved with these communities, including two of the youngest garden supporters in New York City, Dodi and Scarlett Shepard, both of whom have spent years and years of weekend afternoons taking part in garden [Page xiv]work days, playing and hanging out in this public commons of our own imagination and creation.
The work was made possible by the generous support of a PSC-CUNY 38 University Committee on Research Award, as well as the support of research archives, including the ACT UP Oral History Project.
And finally, early pieces of the story were presented at annual conferences of the Association of Humanist Sociology, the Mid Atlantic Consortium of Human Services, and the National Organization of Human Services. Related journals, including Humanity and Society, Working USA, Socialism and Democracy, Reflections: Narratives of Professional Helping, Interface Journal, Social Justice in Context, as well as the T e a m Colors' book In the Middle of a Whirlwind: Movement, Movements, and Contemporary Radical Currents in the United States, and the Council for Standards in Human Services Education Monograph, Best Practices in Human Services, featured early excerpts. The author gratefully acknowledges the work of the editors and these books and journals and their permission to republish this material.
Over the years, this book's framework has become the basis for my community organizing classes. Thanks to the City University of New York Human Services Department faculty and students for supporting this work, while furthering the links between campus and community projects.
But most of all, thanks to Caroline for supporting me and the project through all the years and moves, ups and downs, ebbs and flows of history, time, coasts, social change, and date nights.
About the Author
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