- Subject index
Climate change is now widely regarded as one of the most serious challenges the world faces, and adapting to it is an urgent requirement for countries across the world. The less developed countries of the Asia and Pacific region, despite contributing the least to the emission of greenhouse gases, are the most vulnerable to the effects of climate change.
Climate Change in Asia and the Pacific: How Can Countries Adapt compiles policies and best practices on climate change adaptation, emphasizing the fact that the Asia and Pacific region needs immediate measures—both structural and nonstructural—in order to adapt to climate change. The discussions elaborate on issues related to water resources, agriculture, and natural resources management, which are some of the most vital sectors for the region from environmental, social, and economic perspectives.
Although the policies and measures discussed in the book are specific to the Asia and Pacific region, the key findings will be relevant to other regions as well; for example, Africa and Latin America. Policymakers and researchers involved in the study of climate change adaptation will find this volume of great interest.
Chapter 3: Monitoring the Vulnerability and Adaptation Planning for Food Security
Monitoring the Vulnerability and Adaptation Planning for Food Security
Feast and famine, breakfast and basket case, hope and despair—these are some of the epithets commonly used to describe the Asian food security scenario prior to 1970. But, scientific and technological innovations have opened up new frontiers through the new fields of food production such as genetic engineering, farm-machinery development, water productivity, biomass utilization, climate-database management, and land informatics through remote sensing.
As a result of these advances, by the end of 2007, the proportion of undernourished people in developing countries reached an all-time low since 1961 (Food and Agriculture Organization [FAO] 2010). Numerous attempts have been made ...