- Subject index
Climate change is now widely regarded as one of the most serious challenges the world faces, and adapting to it is an urgent requirement for countries across the world. The less developed countries of the Asia and Pacific region, despite contributing the least to the emission of greenhouse gases, are the most vulnerable to the effects of climate change.
Climate Change in Asia and the Pacific: How Can Countries Adapt compiles policies and best practices on climate change adaptation, emphasizing the fact that the Asia and Pacific region needs immediate measures—both structural and nonstructural—in order to adapt to climate change. The discussions elaborate on issues related to water resources, agriculture, and natural resources management, which are some of the most vital sectors for the region from environmental, social, and economic perspectives.
Although the policies and measures discussed in the book are specific to the Asia and Pacific region, the key findings will be relevant to other regions as well; for example, Africa and Latin America. Policymakers and researchers involved in the study of climate change adaptation will find this volume of great interest.
Chapter 2: Agricultural Impact of Climate Change: A General Equilibrium Analysis with Special Reference to Southeast Asia
Agricultural Impact of Climate Change: A General Equilibrium Analysis with Special Reference to Southeast Asia
Scientific research in the past two decades has concluded that the increased atmospheric concentration of greenhouse gases (GHGs) will have significant impacts on the global climate in the coming decades. Assuming no emission-control policies are implemented, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) predicted that average global surface temperatures will increase by 2.8°C on average this century, with best-guess increases ranging from 1.8°C to 4.0°C (IPCC 2007a). Global warming would alter natural climate and environmental systems in many ways, leading to an increased frequency of extreme weather events, rising sea levels, reversal of ...