- Subject index
Climate change is now widely regarded as one of the most serious challenges the world faces, and adapting to it is an urgent requirement for countries across the world. The less developed countries of the Asia and Pacific region, despite contributing the least to the emission of greenhouse gases, are the most vulnerable to the effects of climate change.
Climate Change in Asia and the Pacific: How Can Countries Adapt compiles policies and best practices on climate change adaptation, emphasizing the fact that the Asia and Pacific region needs immediate measures—both structural and nonstructural—in order to adapt to climate change. The discussions elaborate on issues related to water resources, agriculture, and natural resources management, which are some of the most vital sectors for the region from environmental, social, and economic perspectives.
Although the policies and measures discussed in the book are specific to the Asia and Pacific region, the key findings will be relevant to other regions as well; for example, Africa and Latin America. Policymakers and researchers involved in the study of climate change adaptation will find this volume of great interest.
Chapter 25: Mainstreaming Climate Change Adaptation into Development Planning
Mainstreaming Climate Change Adaptation into Development Planning
According to the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC 2007), adaptation is the “[a]djustment in natural or human systems in response to actual or expected climatic stimuli or their effects, which moderates harm or exploits beneficial opportunities.”
This definition alludes to the fact that adaptation is contextual. It is determined by the particular “natural or human systems” within which it will take place, as well as by the “actual or expected climate stimuli or their effects” which it aims to mitigate. Not only is adaptation action planned and implemented according to its context, but action is also determined to be termed “adaptation” based on context. Action that constitutes adaptation in one setting, ...