- Subject index
Climate change is now widely regarded as one of the most serious challenges the world faces, and adapting to it is an urgent requirement for countries across the world. The less developed countries of the Asia and Pacific region, despite contributing the least to the emission of greenhouse gases, are the most vulnerable to the effects of climate change.
Climate Change in Asia and the Pacific: How Can Countries Adapt compiles policies and best practices on climate change adaptation, emphasizing the fact that the Asia and Pacific region needs immediate measures—both structural and nonstructural—in order to adapt to climate change. The discussions elaborate on issues related to water resources, agriculture, and natural resources management, which are some of the most vital sectors for the region from environmental, social, and economic perspectives.
Although the policies and measures discussed in the book are specific to the Asia and Pacific region, the key findings will be relevant to other regions as well; for example, Africa and Latin America. Policymakers and researchers involved in the study of climate change adaptation will find this volume of great interest.
Chapter 1: Review of the Economics of Climate Change on Southeast Asia1
Review of the Economics of Climate Change on Southeast Asia1
Within Asia, Southeast Asia is the region that is most vulnerable to climate change. Climate change is happening now, and the worst is yet to come. If not addressed adequately, it could seriously hinder sustainable development and poverty eradication efforts in the region. There is no time for delay.
This chapter identifies factors that explain why the region is particularly vulnerable. Southeast Asia's 563 million people (World Bank 2010) are concentrated along coastlines measuring 173,251 km, leaving them exposed to rising sea levels.
The region relies heavily on agriculture for livelihoods—the sector accounted for 27% of total employment in 20072 (World Bank 2010) and contributed about 18% ...