- Subject index
Climate change is now widely regarded as one of the most serious challenges the world faces, and adapting to it is an urgent requirement for countries across the world. The less developed countries of the Asia and Pacific region, despite contributing the least to the emission of greenhouse gases, are the most vulnerable to the effects of climate change.
Climate Change in Asia and the Pacific: How Can Countries Adapt compiles policies and best practices on climate change adaptation, emphasizing the fact that the Asia and Pacific region needs immediate measures—both structural and nonstructural—in order to adapt to climate change. The discussions elaborate on issues related to water resources, agriculture, and natural resources management, which are some of the most vital sectors for the region from environmental, social, and economic perspectives.
Although the policies and measures discussed in the book are specific to the Asia and Pacific region, the key findings will be relevant to other regions as well; for example, Africa and Latin America. Policymakers and researchers involved in the study of climate change adaptation will find this volume of great interest.
Chapter 17: Learning to Adapt: Case of Gender Alliance in Japan
Learning to Adapt: Case of Gender Alliance in Japan
17.1 Climate Change Projections by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Fourth Assessment Report (Solomon et al. 2007) reports on the changing pattern of rainfall and temperature rise, and their consequences. Annual temperatures will increase in the whole Asian region. The condition of this projection is the business as usual case, with the target year of around (or between 2080 and) 2100. Agricultural production will be affected in varying degrees.
In June, July, and August, precipitation in central Asia will very likely decrease, precipitation in East Asia will extremely likely increase, and precipitation in Southeast Asia will likely increase. In December, January, and ...