- Subject index
Climate change is now widely regarded as one of the most serious challenges the world faces, and adapting to it is an urgent requirement for countries across the world. The less developed countries of the Asia and Pacific region, despite contributing the least to the emission of greenhouse gases, are the most vulnerable to the effects of climate change.
Climate Change in Asia and the Pacific: How Can Countries Adapt compiles policies and best practices on climate change adaptation, emphasizing the fact that the Asia and Pacific region needs immediate measures—both structural and nonstructural—in order to adapt to climate change. The discussions elaborate on issues related to water resources, agriculture, and natural resources management, which are some of the most vital sectors for the region from environmental, social, and economic perspectives.
Although the policies and measures discussed in the book are specific to the Asia and Pacific region, the key findings will be relevant to other regions as well; for example, Africa and Latin America. Policymakers and researchers involved in the study of climate change adaptation will find this volume of great interest.
Chapter 14: Effectiveness of Early Warning Systems and Monitoring Tools in the Mekong Basin
Effectiveness of Early Warning Systems and Monitoring Tools in the Mekong Basin
The Mekong River is the 12th longest river in the world in terms of length (about 5,000 kilometers[km]) and mean annual flow (475 km3). From the above-5000 meter Tibetan plateau to the Mekong delta in Viet Nam, the Mekong Basin (795,000 km2) includes six countries: Cambodia, the People's Republic of China (PRC), Lao People's Democratic Republic, Myanmar, Thailand, and Viet Nam.
The climate in the basin is mostly controlled by the Southeast Asian monsoon. During the wet season from May to October, southwest wet winds bring heavy rains totaling about 90% of annual rainfall. The dry season from ...