- Subject index
Climate change is now widely regarded as one of the most serious challenges the world faces, and adapting to it is an urgent requirement for countries across the world. The less developed countries of the Asia and Pacific region, despite contributing the least to the emission of greenhouse gases, are the most vulnerable to the effects of climate change.
Climate Change in Asia and the Pacific: How Can Countries Adapt compiles policies and best practices on climate change adaptation, emphasizing the fact that the Asia and Pacific region needs immediate measures—both structural and nonstructural—in order to adapt to climate change. The discussions elaborate on issues related to water resources, agriculture, and natural resources management, which are some of the most vital sectors for the region from environmental, social, and economic perspectives.
Although the policies and measures discussed in the book are specific to the Asia and Pacific region, the key findings will be relevant to other regions as well; for example, Africa and Latin America. Policymakers and researchers involved in the study of climate change adaptation will find this volume of great interest.
Chapter 12: Flood Disasters and Warning Systems in Northern Thailand
Flood Disasters and Warning Systems in Northern Thailand
Climate induced and natural hazards such as floods, landslides, and debris flow have increased in Thailand in recent years. These disasters have caused both economic and life loss in many areas, especially in the northern provinces which consist of slope and mountainous upstream areas (Teerarungsigul, Chonglakmani, and Kuehn 2007). Humidity brought from the ocean onto the land by the southwest monsoon during the wet season is the main source of flooding, while tropical storms and depression troughs with high intensive rainfall over a widespread area are the triggers of these phenomena. Meanwhile factors such as deforestation, encroachment of the upstream area for settlement, and cropping including the ...