- Subject index
Climate change is now widely regarded as one of the most serious challenges the world faces, and adapting to it is an urgent requirement for countries across the world. The less developed countries of the Asia and Pacific region, despite contributing the least to the emission of greenhouse gases, are the most vulnerable to the effects of climate change.
Climate Change in Asia and the Pacific: How Can Countries Adapt compiles policies and best practices on climate change adaptation, emphasizing the fact that the Asia and Pacific region needs immediate measures—both structural and nonstructural—in order to adapt to climate change. The discussions elaborate on issues related to water resources, agriculture, and natural resources management, which are some of the most vital sectors for the region from environmental, social, and economic perspectives.
Although the policies and measures discussed in the book are specific to the Asia and Pacific region, the key findings will be relevant to other regions as well; for example, Africa and Latin America. Policymakers and researchers involved in the study of climate change adaptation will find this volume of great interest.
Chapter 11: Adaptation in Urban Settings: Asian Experiences
Adaptation in Urban Settings: Asian Experiences
Climate change will affect the health of half of the world's population living in cities. Irrespective of global warming, cities alter their local climate, particularly from reducing rainfall and increasing night temperatures (World Meteorological Organization [WMO] 1996). The “urban heat island” effect is caused by daytime heat being retained by the concrete fabric of buildings and by a reduction in cooling vegetation. In temperate-latitude cities, this has the effect of raising nighttime temperatures by 1°C-5°C. In tropical cities, the mean monthly urban heat island intensities can reach 1°C by the end of the night, especially during the dry season (WMO 1996).
Cities are a significant source of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and have ...