- Subject index
Climate change is now widely regarded as one of the most serious challenges the world faces, and adapting to it is an urgent requirement for countries across the world. The less developed countries of the Asia and Pacific region, despite contributing the least to the emission of greenhouse gases, are the most vulnerable to the effects of climate change.
Climate Change in Asia and the Pacific: How Can Countries Adapt compiles policies and best practices on climate change adaptation, emphasizing the fact that the Asia and Pacific region needs immediate measures—both structural and nonstructural—in order to adapt to climate change. The discussions elaborate on issues related to water resources, agriculture, and natural resources management, which are some of the most vital sectors for the region from environmental, social, and economic perspectives.
Although the policies and measures discussed in the book are specific to the Asia and Pacific region, the key findings will be relevant to other regions as well; for example, Africa and Latin America. Policymakers and researchers involved in the study of climate change adaptation will find this volume of great interest.
Chapter 9: Climate Change Impacts on the Mekong River Delta
Climate Change Impacts on the Mekong River Delta
The Mekong Delta suffers from severe flooding every year because of factors between the natural environment and the human environment. Changing land use caused by rapid population increase, urban sprawl, and the expansion of farmlands is having a strong impact on the Mekong Delta, including an increase in flood damage. Climate change is related to sea-level change, with the coastal plain becoming more vulnerable to sea-level rise. Geomorphologic land classification mapping and flood geomorphology are the most important factors for regional planning against flood mitigation in the mega delta. To achieve appropriate prevention works and achieve sustainability, regional planning toward mitigation and capacity building must be improved. These concepts ...