Classroom Testing and Assessment for All Students: Beyond Standardization
Publication Year: 2009
“A rare opportunity for the new generation of educators to learn alongside a well-known and experienced educator to integrate all learning styles into assessments. Principals should consider this for faculty book studies. The presented techniques will, no doubt, raise standardized test scores while teachers continue to present real curriculum.”
—Janette Bowen, Sixth-Grade Teacher
Junction City Middle School, KS
Give all students an equal chance to perform well on your classroom tests and assessments!
In today's diverse classrooms, students of different socioeconomic, linguistic, and cultural backgrounds and ability levels share a common learning environment. To meet each student's unique strengths and needs, educators need flexible testing and assessment strategies that fulfill the requirements for standardized assessment and accountability in ways that don't put students at a disadvantage because of their ...
- Front Matter
- Back Matter
- Subject Index
- Introducing Inclusive Classroom Testing and Assessment Practices
- Chapter 1: Creating and Grading Valid and Accessible Teacher-Made Tests
- What Factors Should I Consider in Determining the Content of My Tests?
- How Can I Foster the Readability and Legibility of My Tests?
- How Can I Format My Tests to Help My Students to Be Organized and Motivated and to Pay Attention?
- How Can I Help My Students Understand and Follow Test Directions?
- How Can I Compose Understandable, Useful, Valid, and Appropriate Test Items?
- How Can I Grade My Teacher-Made Tests?
- Chapter 2: Determining and Implementing Valid and Appropriate Testing Accommodations
- What Are the Elements of Valid Testing Accommodations?
- What Are the Different Types of Testing Accommodations?
- Who Is Eligible to Receive Testing Accommodations?
- How Are Valid and Appropriate Testing Accommodations for Students Determined?
- How Can the Implementation of Testing Accommodations Be Fostered?
- Chapter 3: Using Technology-Based Testing
- How Can Technology-Based Testing Be Used to Enhance Student Motivation and Feedback and Minimize Student Errors?
- How Can Technology-Based Testing Be Used to Present Test Directions and Items to Students?
- How Can Technology-Based Testing Be Used to Help Students Respond to Objective Test Questions?
- How Can Technology-Based Testing Be Used to Help Students Respond to Essay Test Questions?
- What Concerns Need to Be Considered and Addressed When Using Technology-Based Testing?
- Chapter 4: Teaching Effective Study and Test-Taking Skills and Strategies
- How Can I Assess My Students' Study and Test-Taking Skills and Strategies?
- What Effective Study Skills and Strategies Do My Students Need to Learn?
- What Effective Test-Taking Skills and Strategies Do My Students Need to Learn?
- How Can I Help My Students Who Experience Test Anxiety?
- How Can I Teach Effective Study and Test-Taking Skills and Strategies to My Students?
- How Can I Work with My Students' Families to Support Their Children's Use of Effective Study and Test-Taking Skills?
- Chapter 5: Using Classroom Assessments
- How Can I Use Classroom Assessments to Monitor the Learning Progress of My Students?
- How Can I Use Classroom Assessments to Implement Performance Assessment?
- How Can I Use Technology to Implement Performance Assessment?
Copyright © 2009 by Corwin
All rights reserved. When forms and sample documents are included, their use is authorized only by educators, local school sites, and/or noncommercial or nonprofit entities that have purchased the book. Except for that usage, no part of this book may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
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Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Salend, Spencer J.
Classroom testing and assessment for all students: Beyond standardization/Spencer J. Salend.
Includes bibliographical references and index.
ISBN 978-1-4129-6642-9 (cloth)
ISBN 978-1-4129-6643-6 (pbk.)
1. Educational tests and measurements—United States. 2. Test-taking skills—Study and teaching—United States. I. Title.
This book is printed on acid-free paper.
09 10 11 12 13 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
Acquisitions Editor: David Chao
Editorial Assistant: Brynn Saito
Production Editor: Libby Larson
Copy Editor: Claire Larson
Typesetter: C&M Digitals (P) Ltd.
Proofreader: Theresa Kay
Indexer: Terri Corry
Cover Designer: Karine Hovsepian
I would like to thank my colleagues at Corwin: David Chao, Libby Larson, Brynn Saito, and Allyson Sharp. I appreciate their commitment to quality, diversity, and collaboration and their dedication to the field. I truly value their support, guidance, and friendship. My appreciation also goes to Claire Larson for her invaluable assistance in copy editing the book. Finally, I also want to acknowledge my students and colleagues.
Corwin gratefully acknowledges the contributions of the following individuals:
Special Education Teacher
Franklin Middle School
Erin E. Barton
University of Oregon
Teacher (6th Grade CWC/SPED)
Junction City Middle School
Junction City, KS
Phyllis N. Levert
Kennesaw State University
Research Assistant Professor
University of Kansas
Former Elementary School Principal; Graduate Assistant
Rutgers University Graduate School of Education
New Brunswick, NJ
Jelisa Coltrane Wolfe
Director of Special Education
Staunton City Schools
About the Author
To Suzanne, Jack, and Madison. You send me.
Appendix A: Test Creation and Administration Resource Web Sites[Page 148]Technology-Based Gaming Resources
Text- and Screen-Reading Program Resources
- Funbrain (http://www.funbrain.com)
- Brainpop (http://www.brainpop.com)
- Everyday Math Games (http://www.emgames.com)
- Interactive Whiteboards in the Classroom (http://www.fsdb.k12.fl.us/mc/tutorials/whiteboards.html#sites)
- Homemade Powerpoint Games (http://it.coe.uga.edu/wwild/pptgames)
Screen Magnification Program Resources[Page 149]Assistive Listening Devices ResourcesTalking Word Processor Resources
- Read and Write Gold (TextHELP) (http://www.readwritegold.com/index.html)
- TextAssist (http://www.textassist.com)
- TextAloud (http://www.nextup.com/TextAloud)
- Wynn and JAWS (http://www.freedomscientific.com)
- ReadPlease (http://www.readplease.com)
- EasyReader (http://www.yourdolphin.com/productdetail.asp?id=9)
- ZoomText (http://www.aisquared.com/index.cfm)
- Window-Eyes (http://www.gwmicro.com/Window-Eyes)
- NaturalReader (http://www.naturalreaders.com)
Essay Grading and Feedback Program Resources
- WriteAway (http://www.is-inc.com)
- Write:Outloud (http://www.donjohnston.com/products/write_outloud/index.html)
- SpeakQ (http://www.wordq.com/speakqenglish.html)
Test and Survey Creation Software Resources
- SAGrader (http://www.ideaworks.com/sagrader)
- My Access (http://www.myaccess.com/myaccess/do/log)
- WriteToLearn (http://www.writetolearn.net)
- Criterion Online Writing Evaluation (http://www.ets.org)
- Summary Street (http://www.pearsonkt.com/prodSSt.shtml)
- Intellimetric (http://www.vantagelearning.com/school/products/intellimetric)
Technology Accessibility Resources
- TestTalker (http://www.freedomscientific.com/LSG/products/testtalker.asp)
- Premier Test Builder (http://www.readingmadeez.com/education/TestBuilder.html)
- LS Test Builder (http://www.learningstation.com/solutions/test_builder.html)
- Teacher's Pet (http://www.aph.org/products/tp_bro.html)
- Marvel Math (http://www.braillebookstore.com/view.php?C=Marvel+Math+for+Windows)
- ExamView's Asssesment Suite (http://www.fscreations.com/examview.php)
- Scantron (http://www.scantron.com) [Page 151]
- Pearson Educational Measuremen (http://www.pearsonedmeasurement.com)
- Test Pilot (http://www.clearlearning.com)
- Perceptions (http://www.questionmark.com/us/perception/index.htm)
- Survey Monkey (http://www.surveymonkey.com)
- Supersurvey (http://www.supersurvey.com)
- Pollcat (http://www.pollcat.com)
- Profiler Pro (http://www.profilerpro.com)
- Zoomerang (http://www.zoomerang.com)
Note: The technology-based testing resources presented here are examples and should not be interpreted as an endorsement of any Web site or products.Source: From “Using technology to create and administer accessible tests,” by S. J. Salend, Teaching Exceptional Children, 41(3), 2009, p. 44, Copyright 2009 by the Council for Exceptional Children. Reprinted with permission.
- Web Accessibility Initiative (http://www.w3.org/WAI)
- World Wide Web Consortium (http://www.w3.org/TR/WCAG20/#guidelines)
- A-Prompt: Web Accessibility Verifier (http://aprompt.snow.utoronto.ca)
- Cynthia Says (http://www.cynthiasays.com)
- AccMonitor, AccVerify, and AccRepair (http://www.hisoftware.com)
- Computer Accommodations Program (http://cap.umn.edu)
- Center for Applied Special Technology (http://www.cast.org/index.html)
Appendix B: Web Sites Addressing Technology-Based Classroom Assessment Strategies, Equipment, and Resources[Page 152]Curriculum-Based Measurement
Technology-Based Active Responding Systems
- National Center on Student Progress Monitoring (http://www.studentprogress.org)
- AIMS Web (http://www.aimsweb.com/index.php)
- Curriculum-Based Measurement Warehouse (http://www.interventioncentral.org/htmdocs/interventions/cbmwarehouse.php)
- Research Institute on Progress Monitoring (http://www.progressmonitoring.net)
- Precision Teaching (http://www.precisionteachingresource.net)
- Wireless Generation (http://www.wgen.net)
- Measures of Academic Progress (http://www.nwea.org/assessments/map.asp)
Technology-Based Educational Games
- Vanderbilt Center for Teaching: Classroom Response Systems (http://www.vanderbilt.edu/cft/resources/teaching_resources/technology/crs.htm)
- Teaching and Learning Center at University of Nevada at Las Vegas (http://tlc.unlv.edu/tech/clickers.htm)
Preference and Self-Awareness Assessment Surveys
- Funbrain (http://www.funbrain.com)
- The Education Arcade (http://www.educationarcade.org)
- Mindpoint Quizshow (http://www.einstruction.com/products/interactive_teaching/mindpoint/index.html) [Page 153]
- Gameshow Prep (http://www.learningware.com)
- Brainpop (http://www.brainpop.com)
- Everyday Math Games (http://www.emgames.com)
- Interactive Whiteboards in the Classroom (http://www.fsdb.k12.fl.us/rmc/tutorials/whiteboards.html#sites)
- http://IKnowthat.com (http://www.Iknowthat.com)
- Write On Powerpoint Games (http://jc-schools.net/write/games/index.html)
- Classroom Game Templates and More (http://www.murray.k12.ga.us/teacher/kara%201eonard/Mini%20T's/Games/Games.htm)
- Homemade Powerpoint Games (http://it.coe.uga.edu/wwild/pptgames)
- Powerpoint Games (http://jc-schools.net/tutorials/PPT-games)
- OLogy (http://www.ology.amnh.org)
- Mind Reading: The Interactive Guide to Emotions (http://www.jkp.com/mindreading)
- Jackpot Reinforcer Survey Generator (http://www.jimwrightonline.com/php/jackpot/jackpot.php)
- Strategy Tools (http://www.strategytools.org)
- Survey Monkey (http://www.surveymonkey.com)
- Supersurvey (http://www.supersurvey.com)
- RubiStar (http://rubistar.4teachers.org/index.php)
- Rubrics for Teachers (http://rubrics4teachers.com)
- The Technology Applications Center for Educational Development (http://www.tcet.unt.edu/START/instruct/general/rubrics.htm)
- Grady Profile (http://www.aurbach.com/gp3/index.html)
- Pupil Pages (http://www.pupilpages.com)
- Portfolio Assessment Kit (http://www.superschoolsoftware.com/portfolios.html)
- Measured Progress ProFile (http://www.measuredprogress.org/assessments/largescale/special/software.html)
Web Page/Site Creation
- PowerPoint (http://office.microsoft.com/en-us/powerpoint/default.aspx)
- Keynote (http://www.apple.com/iwork/keynote)
- Impress (http://presentationsoft.about.com/od/openofficeimpress/Open_Office_Impress_Free_Presentation_Software.htm) [Page 154]
- Ovation (http://www.adobe.com/products/ovation)
- Impatica for PowerPoint (http://www.impatica.com/imp4ppt)
- Preezo (http://www.preezo.com)
- TeacherWeb (http://www.teacherweb.com)
- Eboard (http://www.eboard.com)
- WebPlus (http://freeserifsoftware.com/software/WebPlus/default.asp)
- Web Studio (http://www.webstudio.com)
Digital Video Software
- Learninginhand (http://www.learninginhand.com/podcasting/index.html)
- Education Podcast Network (http://www.epnweb.org/index.php?view_mode=about)
Computer Simulations and Virtual Learning Experiences
- Movie Maker (http://www.microsoft.com/windowsxp/downloads/updates/moviemaker2.mspx)
- Photo Story (http://www.microsoft.com/windowsxp/using/digitalphotography/photostory/default.mspx)
- iMovie (http://www.apple.com/ilife/imovie)
- Premier Elements (http://www.adobe.com/products/premiereel)
- Visual Communicator (http://www.adobe.com/products/visualcommunicator)
- Flickr (http://www.Flickr.com)
- ScreenCast (http://www.screencast.com) [Page 155]
- MediaBlender (http://www.tech41earning.com/mediablender/index.html)
- Pinnacle Studio (http://www.pinnaclesys.com/PublicSite/us/Home)
- Technology-Based Assessment Project (http://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/studies/tbaproject.asp)
- Immune Attack (http://www.fas.org/immuneattack)
- Virtual History Museum (http://vhm.msu.edu/site/default.php)
- FutureLab (http://www.simulations-plus.com/futurelab)
- River City Project (http://muve.gse.harvard.edu/muvees2003/)
- Try Science (http://www.tryscience.org)
- Interactive Mathematics on the Internet (http://wims.unice.fr/wims/en_home.html)
- Explore Learning (http://www.explorelearning.com)
- The Virtual Courseware Project (http://www.sciencecourseware.org)
- Newbyte Educational Software (http://www.newbyte.com)
- Alice (http://www.alice.org)
- Epistemic Games (http://epistemicgames.org/eg/?cat=5)
- Quest Atlantis (http://atlantis.crlt.indiana.edu)
Note: The Web sites and resources presented here are examples and should not be interpreted as an endorsement of any Web site or products.
- Classroom Wiki (http://class_room_wiki.seedwiki.com)
- Peanut Butter Wiki (http://www.pbwiki.com/education.wiki)
- WikiMatrix (http://www.wikimatrix.org)
- http://Wiki.com (http://www.wiki.com)
- Wikispaces (http://www.wikispaces.com)
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Corwin: A SAGE Company[Page 167]
The Corwin logo—a raven striding across an open book—represents the union of courage and learning. Corwin is committed to improving education for all learners by publishing books and other professional development resources for those serving the field of PreK-12 education. By providing practical, hands-on materials, Corwin continues to carry out the promise of its motto: “Helping Educators Do Their Work Better.”