Cities and Social Change: Encounters with Contemporary Urbanism

Cities and Social Change: Encounters with Contemporary Urbanism

Books

Ronan Paddison & Eugene McCann

Abstract

This textbook of essays by leading critical urbanists is a compelling introduction to an important field of study; it interrogates contemporary conflicts and contradictions inherent in the social experience of living in cities that are undergoing neoliberal restructuring, and grapples with profound questions and challenging policy considerations about diversity, equity, and justice. A stimulant to debate in any undergraduate urban studies classroom, this book will inspire a new generation of urban social scholars.

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  • Front Matter
  • Back Matter
  • Subject Index
  • Copyright

    Acknowledgements

    ‘This textbook of essays by leading critical urbanists is a compelling introduction to an important field of study; it interrogates contemporary conflicts and contradictions inherent in the social experience of living in cities that are undergoing neoliberal restructuring, and grapples with profound questions and challenging policy considerations about diversity, equity and justice. A stimulant to debate in any undergraduate urban studies classroom, this book will inspire a new generation of urban social scholars.’

    Alison Bain, Associate Professor, Department of Geography, York University

    ‘An indispensable survey of the main themes and challenges facing humanity in the urban age. Compulsory reading.’

    Brendan Gleeson, Professor of Urban Policy Studies, University of Melbourne

    ‘This book is an invaluable resource for urban social geographers. It stages a lively encounter with different understandings of urban production and experience, and does so by bringing together an exciting group of scholars working across a diversity of theoretical and geographical contexts. The book focuses on some of the central conceptual and political challenges of contemporary cities, including inequality and poverty, justice and democracy, and everyday life and urban imaginaries, providing a critical platform through which to ask how we might work towards alternative forms of urban living.’

    Colin McFarlane, Durham University

    List of Illustrations

    About the Contributors

    Ian R. Cook is a Lecturer in Social Sciences in the Department of Social Sciences and Languages, Northumbria University. His research focuses on the ways in which cities are governed and the circulation of policy models and expertise between cities. He has had work published in journals such as International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Urban Geography and Urban Studies.

    James DeFilippis is an Associate Professor in the Bloustein School of Planning and Policy, Rutgers University. His research focuses on the politics and economics of cities and communities. He is particularly interested in the processes of social change, and questions of power and justice in cities. He is the author or editor of three books. He has also written more than 30 articles and book chapters, and several white papers and policy reports.

    Mónica Degen teaches cultural sociology at Brunel University. She has published in a variety of journals such as Society and Space, International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Senses and Society, Urban Studies and Transactions on the sociology of the senses, urban cultures, the politics of the everyday and the experience of design and architecture. She is the author of Sensing Cities (Routledge, 2008) and The Meta-City Barcelona: Transformation of a Metropolis (Anthropos, 2008).

    Geoff DeVerteuil is a Senior Lecturer at Cardiff University, Planning and Human Geography. His research interests include vulnerable populations, violence, gentrification and the social geography of health. Recent publications include Antipode, Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers and Area.

    Tiffany Grobelski is a doctoral candidate in the Department of Geography at the University of Washington, Seattle. Her research interests lie in environmental governance, activism and how law is used to create social/environmental change. She has been conducting research on environmental advocacy groups’ mobilisation of law to enhance environmental protection efforts in Poland and the European Union.

    Steve Herbert is Director of the Law, Societies, and Justice Program and Professor of Geography at the University of Washington. He has done extensive fieldwork with the police, and is the author of Policing Space: Territoriality and the Los Angeles Police Department (University of Minnesota Press), Citizens, Cops, and Power: Recognizing the Limits of Community (University of Chicago Press) and (with Katherine Beckett) Banished: The New Social Control in Urban America (Oxford University Press).

    Robin Kearns is Professor of Geography in the School of Environment at the University of Auckland. His interests span social, cultural and health geography with involvement in projects funded by the New Zealand Health Research Council (‘Kids in the City’) and the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Industry (‘Resilient Urban Futures’). He is an associate editor of the journals Health and Place, Health and Social Care in the Community and Journal of Transport and Health.

    Regan Koch completed his PhD in the Department of Geography at University College London, where he now works as a teaching fellow in Urban Studies. His most recent research was an ESRC fellowship entitled Eating in Public: Re-imagining Collective Urban Life which examined food-related trends in a number of US cities. More generally, his work is concerned with matters of public space, changing social practices and interventions that aim to make cities better. Regan has published articles in the Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers and Urban Studies. He also has chapters in a number of forthcoming edited collections.

    Alan Latham teaches at the Department of Geography, University College London. His research focuses on issues around sociality, mobility, materiality and public space, and has focussed on cities as diverse as Auckland, New York, London, Eugene (OR), Berlin, and Champaign-Urbana. He has published in a wide range of international journals and edited collections. He is the co-author of Key Concepts in Urban Geography.

    Loretta Lees is Professor of Human Geography at the University of Leicester. She is an international expert on gentrification and urban regeneration. Recent co-authored and co-edited books include: Mixed Communities: Gentrification by Stealth? (Policy Press, 2011/University of Chicago Press, 2012); Regenerating London: Governance, Sustainability and Community in a Global City (Routledge, 2009); Gentrification and The Gentrification Reader (Routledge, 2008, 2010). She has three new books coming out in 2014–15.

    Gordon MacLeod is Reader in Urban and Regional Studies in the Department of Geography, Durham University. His research examines the tensions that surface between urban development, governance and politics; regional development and regionalism; and the relationships between state spaces and cities and regions, especially with regard to spatial justice. He has published extensively on these themes in a range of international journals, and is co-editor of State/Space: A Reader (2003) and of recent special issues of Environment and Planning C, Urban Studies and Antipode. He also edits the ‘Urban and Regional Horizons’ section of Regional Studies.

    Eugene McCann is Professor in the Department of Geography, Simon Fraser University. His research focuses on the ways in which policies, especially urban policies, are circulated among communities of practitioners across the globe and how these ‘policy mobilities’ are related to urban politics. He is co-editor, with Kevin Ward, of Mobile Urbanism (Minnesota, 2011) and co-author, with Andy Jonas and Mary Thomas, of Urban Geography: A Critical Introduction (Wiley-Blackwell, forthcoming).

    Graham Moon is Professor of Human Geography, and Co-Chair of the Population Health Strategic Research Group at the University of Southampton. He is Editor-in-Chief of the journal Health and Place. Professor Moon collaborated in the development and evolution of the new geography of health and in the introduction of multi-level modelling to geography. More recently his work has had an international impact on smoking cessation policy. His current research interests focus on small area synthetic estimation of health needs, area effects on smoking behaviour and post-asylum geographies. Recent publications have appeared in Annals, AAG, Epidemiology and Community Health, Public Health and Housing Studies. He co-edited the recent Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Health and Medical Geography.

    Ronan Paddison is Emeritus Professor of Geography at the University of Glasgow. His research interests focus on the political processes driving urban change and, in particular, under what conditions local participation can contribute to the making of more inclusive and democratic cities. Recent projects have included the role of community participation in the installation of public art, and the limitations to public participation in the post-political city. He is Managing Editor of Urban Studies and of Space and Polity.

    Juan Rivero is a doctoral student at Rutgers University focusing on the cultural politics of urban redevelopment. His current research looks at the relation between the planning process and the identity of iconic neighbourhoods. Since 2008, Juan has also served as the spokesman for Save Coney Island, a grassroots organisation devoted to the preservation and promotion of that neighbourhood's amusement district. Prior to coming to Rutgers, Juan was a Housing Fellow for the NYC Department of Housing Preservation and Development. Juan earned an MS in urban planning at Columbia University and a JD at the University of Chicago Law School.

    Ananya Roy is Professor of City and Regional Planning and Distinguished Chair in Global Poverty and Practice at the University of California, Berkeley. Roy's research is concerned with the management and regulation of poverty, with an emphasis on the relationship between bureaucracies of poverty and poor people's movements. Her most recent book, co-edited with Emma Shaw Crane, is titled Territories of Poverty (University of Georgia Press, forthcoming).

    Erik Swyngedouw is Professor of Geography at Manchester University. His research interests include political ecology, urban governance, democracy and political power, and the politics of globalisation. His was previously Professor of Geography at Oxford University and holds the Vincent Wright Visiting Professorship at Science Po, Paris, 2014. His forthcoming book with MIT Press focuses on water and social power in twentieth-century Spain.

    Gill Valentine is Professor in Human Geography at the University of Sheffield where she is also Pro-Vice Chancellor for the Faculty of Social Science. Gill's research interests include: social identities and belonging; childhood, parenting and family life; and urban cultures of consumption. She is currently leading a European Research Council programme of research titled Living with Difference. She has (co)authored/edited 15 books and over 100 journal articles.

    Acknowledgements

    It might be only somewhat fanciful to say that this book's origins can be traced to the late 1980s at the University of Glasgow. We first met then, as undergraduate student and professor, in a political geography course. We reconnected many years later around the idea for the book. We were keen to bring together a group of top scholars to address the cutting edge(s) of urban social geography in a way that would be stimulating to advanced students. Many conversations over the phone and email and, occasionally, over food and drinks have brought it to fruition.

    Clearly, the value of Cities & Social Change is defined by the insightful contributions of the authors who accepted our invitation to be part of it. We would like to thank them sincerely for their contributions, their enthusiasm, and their patience and fortitude as the book has moved through the publication process.

    Ronan would like to add how much he has enjoyed working on the volume with the contributory authors as well as with his co-editor. He is also indebted to Tom Hutton, co-editor of the sister volume, Cities and Economic Change for helping to guide the structure of this text.

    Thanks from Eugene go to Christiana and Sophie. He would also like to thank his colleagues and students, both undergraduate and graduate, at SFU and elsewhere, for conversations that have greatly deepened his understanding of the social geographies of cities. Special appreciation goes to Kevin Ward for ongoing chats about ideas, family, and football, and to Cristina Temenos, both for intellectual engagement and her skills as an artistic consultant.

    We would also like to thank the staff at Sage, particularly Robert Rojek who encouraged us to embark on the project, as well as to Keri Dickens and Katherine Haw who both provided expert help with the production of the volume. Their vision, enthusiasm, helpfulness, and positivity are greatly appreciated.

    Ronan PaddisonGlasgow, Scotland, UK
    Eugene McCannVancouver, BC, Canada
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