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Infant-Placed Adopted Children
Infant-placed adopted children

Modern adoption practice emerged in response to a pressing societal need for improved care for dependent and orphaned children. Research had demonstrated quite clearly that children raised in orphanages and other large group care facilities suffered significant developmental delays in many areas of psychological functioning (Goldfarb, 1945; Spitz, 1945). The development of family foster care, although an improvement over institutional life, also was shown to be associated with significant negative consequences for children, particularly those who lingered in care for long periods or who experienced multiple placements (Bohman, 1970; Fanshel & Shinn, 1978). Adoption, in contrast, was viewed by child welfare professionals as providing a permanent and nurturing family environment in which children could grow and flourish. Because of the ...

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