- Subject index
Focusing on developmental and clinical issues in children's adjustment to adoption, the authors introduce this volume with an overview of historical and contemporary perspectives, then explore various theories that have addressed the issue of psychological risk associated with adoption. Following a review of empirical research on factors that influence the adjustment process, the authors discuss different types of adoption, analyze methodological problems, and discuss clinical and assessment issues that commonly arise in work with adoptees and their families.
Chapter 1: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives on Adoption
Historical and Contemporary Perspectives on Adoption
The American family has undergone many dramatic changes over the past half century. In fact, there is so much diversity in the structure and functioning of families today that the so-called traditional family—children living in an intact family with two biological parents—has lost a great deal of its meaning. At present, a minority of children will reside continuously with both of their biological parents from birth until emancipation in young adulthood (Okun, 1996). Some youngsters will experience parental death while still in childhood; many others will be subjected to parental separation and divorce. Some children will live in step families, others with single parents. An increasing number of youngsters will grow up in households ...