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Chapter 12: Television, the Portrayal of African Americans, and the Development of Children's Attitudes
In the social world of television, characters are overwhelmingly European, male, and middle class, whether one is watching prime-time or children's programming (Downing, 1974; Greenberg, Simmons, Hogan, & Atkins, 1980; Williams & Condry, 1989). Excluding programming in languages other than English, among underrepresented groups, African Americans are the only group appearing in significant numbers (Berry, 1988; S. B. Graves, 1980; Steenland, 1989; Williams & Condry, 1989).
One can conclude, as did a recent American Psychological Association task force (Huston et al., 1992), that minorities, including African Americans, are underrepresented on television, segregated in specific types of content, and rarely engage in cross-ethnic interactions. ...