Caring for Older People in Nursing
Publication Year: 2013
This book is part of the <b>Transforming Nursing Practice</b> series, written specifically to support nursing students on the new degree programme.
- Front Matter
- Back Matter
- Subject Index
- Chapter 1: The context of nursing older people
- Chapter 2: Placement experiences with older people
- Chapter 3: Vulnerability and old age
- Chapter 4: Nursing for well-being in later life
- Chapter 5: Physical aspects of ageing
- Chapter 6: Psychosocial aspects of ageing
- Chapter 7: Mental health and emotional well-being in later life
- Chapter 8: Ageing in a multicultural society
- Chapter 9: Social isolation and loneliness in later life
- Chapter 10: Interprofessional collaboration when working with older people
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© Sue Barker 2013
First published 2013
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About the Authors
Sue Barker thanks all at Learning Matters for encouragement, support and patience, particularly Caroline Sheldrick, who has responded to queries quickly and shown sensitivity and support for the authors.
Ann Hemingway would like to thank all the retired nurses who contributed to the discussion about well-being in caring settings included in Chapter 4, for their time, enthusiasm and thoughts.
Eleanor Jack would like to express heartfelt thanks and gratitude to the members, volunteers and staff of the Brendoncare Friendship Clubs who not only gave their time but shared their personal experiences and narratives so freely. During the reflexive and reflective processes inherent within this study, Eleanor was often moved by the sincerity and humility of what she felt privileged to read, hear and see. Much of that experience has informed the writing of her chapter. Grateful thanks go to her mentor Dr Ann Hemingway.
Janet Scammell would like to acknowledge the contribution of four undergraduate nursing students for their case studies in Chapter 8 concerning ageing and care in countries outside the UK. They are: Irina Pavalache; Ida Ngwa Azinnwi; Jitka Mulackova; and Pooja Gurung.[Page xii]
Strategies or ways in which people do things that are either helpful and do not cause them extra problems (adaptive) or that do cause them extra problems (maladaptive).
A person's ability to act or do something.
A simple description reflecting the ability of an individual to make an informed choice without any form of coercion, usually with regard to choices to be made regarding the person's life and current circumstances.
Black and minority ethnic (BME) groups
Minority ethnic groups are all groups excluding white British.
Symbolic concept that embodies values, lifestyles, manners, customs, food and dress and is connected with the construction of group boundaries.
Process by which people are removed of their personhood and simply seen as objects or tasks.
Philosophies of leadership and team working characterised by a need for a hierarchy within a team and a clear leader.
Treating a person or group differently (often negatively) because of a particular attribute such as age, race or sexuality.
A process by which people are deprived of power and choices regarding their lives and treatment.
Philosophies of leadership and team working characterised by professionals who prefer to work autonomously and who refer to other professionals only when they perceive the need.
Internal perspective of something or someone.
Where feelings are focused on or are the central point.
Commonly described as when individuals feel there is a lack of intimacy and meaningful attachments within their life.
When everyone has the same or nearly similar chances to achieve their goals.
The belief that social differences are determined by biology.
Actual or perceived common ancestry, language and regional or national origin.
Judging other cultures by the standards of our own on the understanding that our own culture is superior.
External judgement of something or someone.
Simply put, this means alike or of the same kind. The assumption is that everyone within a particular social group are all the same and have the same interests.
This occurs when roles are interchangeable between professionals of similar training level.
A framework designed to help ensure that all those we care for are treated as human beings.
Humanising values framework
A structure for care that focuses on what is important to the individual as a human being.
A process in which adults are treated as if they are children.
Philosophies of leadership and team working characterised by views that collaborative working and being a team player are central to interprofessional team working.
An awareness and discomfort due to a lack of social support or contact.
Diagrams exploring different ways of viewing the world.
Always the same, not exciting, boring.
Of or relating to living matter. In this context, ill health that has a physiologically identifiable cause.
Thinking that you know what is best for individuals and therefore not consulting with them or enabling them to have a choice regarding their life; making decisions for others without consulting them.
Organisations funded privately (e.g. private healthcare companies).
Dealing with a challenge or difficulty by attempting to resolve it.
Assessments or measurements of psychological functioning which can involve personality, intelligence or illness.
Organisations funded by the state (e.g. social services).
The scientific concept, not now accepted, of the ability to divide up humans on the basis of their different physical attributes.
Attitude that one ‘race’ (group perceived as different based on appearance or place of origin) is superior or inferior to another.
The focus of care or support on the process individuals go through/the journey they take to move forward with their life to return to a state of well-being.
Shared or distributed leadership
A model in which all can contribute to the leadership task where and when their expertise and qualities are relevant.
Where a person or group of people cannot access the opportunities or rights that are generally available to the society they live in, including housing, education and employment.
The positive effects of those measures that are taken to result in a change in circumstances and/or habits that mitigate against social exclusion, thus enabling people or communities to participate fully and meaningfully in society (http://www.charitycommission.gov.uk/media/95497/socinc.pdf).
Commonly described as an objective assessment of an individual's social network, where there are perceived to be few actual contacts or opportunities to meet others and little involvement in community life or the wider social environment. It can also be used to infer living arrangements (e.g. living alone) or the lack of friends.
A term commonly used to describe the positive state of being alone by choice, for the purposes of inner reflection and enjoyment.
Assuming that individuals are the same as others in their social group, e.g. all older people are the same because they are old, and therefore have the same attributes (e.g. confusion, incontinence) or enjoy the same activities (e.g. bingo).
A view or way of looking at something based on an individual's personal feelings, tastes or opinions.
Not-for-profit organisations, often with charitable body status; also called the voluntary sector, e.g. age-related charities.
Vertical role substitution
Occurs when tasks traditionally done by one profession are delegated to less qualified professionals.
The visual processing of the relationship between objects, the space between them. How people see objects within the environment.
Process by which individuals are automatically assumed to require assistance simply because they are old or have a disability.
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