- Subject index
`This book should be viewed as essential reading for anyone interested in developing their understanding of the field of career counselling and developing their own approach. Practitioners will find much they might want to consider incorporating into their own work' - British Journal of Guidance and Counselling `As a career counsellor working with clients of all ages and situations, I found Larry Cochran's new work both pragmatic and intellectually stimulating... [he] provides fresh insight into the essence of career counselling, examining the past to be able to understand the present in order to plan for the future. Written in an accessible style... this book is certainly something which encourages further re
Chapter 3: Composing a Life History
Composing a Life History
There are two basic reasons for exploring a person's life history. First, past experiences provide information about a person's interests, values, abilities, motives, and character strengths. Second, the way experiences are selected and organized expresses a unifying story of life, describing who a person is and how he or she developed. Information can be used to form an objective portrait of a person that can be related to occupational possibilities. Narration can be used to form a subjective construction of meaning that emplots self as a main character in a career-defining story. Each reason defines a different approach or mode of thought. Super (1954) described these approaches as trait-actuarial and thematic-extrapolative. Bruner (1986) described the two modes of ...