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Chicago: Power, Race, and Reform
Chicago: Power, race, and reform

SINCE GOSNELL's CLASSIC STUDY in 1937 of machine politics, Chicago has been the laboratory for numerous studies1 on that “institution peculiar to American politics” (Lowi, 1968, p. v). The Daley administration provided further grist for the empirical mill of machine studies by achieving a level of centralized power rare for urban politics.2 Between 1960 and 1990, however, Chicago experienced major economic, demographic, and structural changes. The political and policy realignments that resulted make for an even better study in regime change.

Demographic and Economic Change

Chicago's population declined from 3,550,404 in 1960 to 2,784,000 in 1990, forcing it to cede its famed “second city” status to Los Angeles. Behind the aggregate numbers lay major racial and economic change: ...

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