THE LAST 30 YEARS have been a period of great change for Boston. The periods before and after the 1960s present sharply different images (Banfield, 1965; Ganz, 1987; Doolittle, Jackson, Masnick & Clay, 1982; Thernstrom, 1969; Clay, 1989a). The Boston that Banfield wrote about in the mid-1960s faced population decline; the new Boston has some recent population growth. Old Boston saw a decline in its middle-income population; new Boston has experienced a growth in its middle-income and upper-income populations. Boston's former in-migrants were mainly blacks from the South; new Bostonians are newly arrived Southeast Asians, Irish, and South and Central Americans. Old Boston wondered if any jobs would be safe, given the great economic hemorrhaging that resulted ...
Boston: The Incomplete Transformation
Boston: The incomplete transformation