Best Practices in Prevention
Publication Year: 2013
This second book in the Prevention Practice Kit provides counselors, psychologists, and other mental health workers with practical steps that need to be considered by prevention practitioners as they engage with others in developing and delivering prevention projects. A context for engaging in prevention practice is provided, including discussion of how prevention fits with traditional models of psychology, descriptions of theoretical models for doing prevention practice, and examples of empirically-supported prevention interventions.
The reader will learn about a new set of Prevention Guidelines being proposed to the American Psychological Association, and why these recommendations are important to consider. The book highlights the essential aspects of collaboration, cultural relevance, social justice, and program dissemination, and addresses knotty ethical issues surrounding confidentiality in prevention and health promotion efforts. ...
- Front Matter
- Back Matter
- Subject Index
- Chapter 1: Why Practice Prevention? Why Now?
- Chapter 2: Four Theories and Perspectives to Support Prevention Interventions
- Chapter 3: Guidelines for Prevention Practice, Research, and Education
- Chapter 4: Research-Informed Prevention Practice: Learning from the Wisdom of Science
- Chapter 5: Social Justice and Prevention
- Chapter 6: Ethical and Professional Issues in Prevention
- Chapter 7: Applying Prevention Learning: Five Learning Exercises
Other Books in the Prevention Practice Kit
Program Development and Evaluation in Prevention (9781452258010)
Prevention and Consultation (9781452257990)
Prevention in Psychology (9781452257952)
Prevention Groups (9781452257983)
Public Policy and Mental Health (9781452258027)
Evidence-Based Prevention (9781452258003)
Social Justice and Culturally Relevant Prevention (9781452257969)
Sally Hage: To Evan who brings such joy and laughter to my life
John Romano: To Mom and Dad who taught empathy for others and the importance of learning
Copyright © 2013 by SAGE Publications, Inc.
All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
Printed in the United States of America
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Best practices in prevention / editors, Sally Hage, John L. Romano.
p. cm.—(Prevention practice kit)
Includes bibliographical references and index.
ISBN 978-1-4522-5797-6 (pbk.)
1. Preventive mental health services—Standards. 2. Health promotion—Standards. I. Hage, Sally. II. Romano, John L.
This book is printed on acid-free paper.
12 13 14 15 16 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1
SAGE Publications, Inc.
2455 Teller Road
Thousand Oaks, California 91320
SAGE Publications Ltd.
1 Oliver's Yard
55 City Road
London EC1Y 1SP
SAGE Publications India Pvt. Ltd.
B 1/I 1 Mohan Cooperative Industrial Area
Mathura Road, New Delhi 110 044
SAGE Publications Asia-Pacific Pte. Ltd.
3 Church Street
#10-04 Samsung Hub
Acquisitions Editor: Kassie Graves
Editorial Assistant: Elizabeth Luizzi
Production Editor: Brittany Bauhaus
Copy Editor: QuADS Prepress (P) Ltd.
Typesetter: C&M Digitals (P) Ltd.
Proofreader: Jeff Bryant
Indexer: Diggs Publication Services, Inc.
Cover Designer: Glenn Vogel
Marketing Manager: Lisa Sheldon Brown
Permissions Editor: Adele Hutchinson
We would like to thank our graduate students who provided invaluable assistance on prevention projects through literature reviews, insightful discussions, and research applications.
References[Page 49]1991). The theory of planned behavior. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50, 179–211.http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0749-5978%2891%2990020-T(2004). Questions raised by a reasoned action approach: Comments on Ogden (2003). Health Psychology, 25, 431–434., & (1959). Mental health manpower trends. New York, NY: Basic Books.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/h0044859(1982). Preventing psychopathology and promoting human potential. American Psychologist, 37, 1043–1050. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.37.9.1043http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.37.9.1043(1986). Toward a just society: Lessons from observations on the primary prevention of psychopathology. American Psychologist, 41, 891–898.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.41.8.891(1987). Powerlessness, politics, and prevention: The community mental health approach. In K.Hurrelmann, F.X.Kaufmann, & F.Losel (Eds.), Social intervention: Potential and constraints (pp. 37–52). New York, NY: de Gruyter.(1999). Prevention, not treatment, is the only hope. Counselling Psychology Quarterly, 12, 133–146.http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/09515079908254084(2000). Commentary on prevention and counseling psychology. The Counseling Psychologist, 28, 845–853.http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0011000000286006(2005). Call to revolution in the prevention of emotional disorders. Ethical Human Psychology and Psychiatry, 7, 37–44.(American Psychological Association. (2010). Ethical principles of psychologists and code of conduct (2002, Amended June 1, 2010). Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/ethics/code/index.aspxAsian/Pacific Islander Youth Violence Prevention Center. (2010). National academic centers of excellence on youth violence prevention. Washington, DC: Center for Disease Control and Prevention.1986). Social foundations of thought and action. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.http://dx.doi.org/10.4135/9781446221129.n6(2008). Reverence for life: Albert Schweitzer's great contribution to ethical thought. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195329551.001.0001(2005). Reflections on multiculturalism, social justice, and empowerment groups for academic success: A critical discourse for contemporary schools. Professional School Counseling, 8, 401–406.(2006). All kids are our kids: What communities must do to raise caring and responsible children and adolescents ((2nd ed.). Minneapolis, MN: Search Institute.1996). Primary prevention practices. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.([Page 50]2007). Community-based collaboration: An overarching best practice in prevention. The Counseling Psychologist, 35, 567–575.http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0011000006296159, & (2006). Estimating the prevalence of early childhood serious emotional/behavioral disorder. Public Health Reports, 121, 303–310., & (2011). The International Registry of Preventive Trials, a project of the society for prevention research [Prevention Science & Methodology Group Videos]. Retrieved from http://www.psmg.usf.edu/videos.html(2009). After randomized trials: Issues related to dissemination of evidence-based interventions. Journal of Children's Services, 3, 53–61., & (2002). Positive youth development in the United States: Research findings on evaluations of positive youth development programs. Prevention & Treatment, 5, Article 15. Retrieved from http://psycnet.apa.org/journals/pre/5/1/l, , , , & (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Injury Prevention and Control. (2005). Web-based injury statistics query and reporting system (WISQARS). Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/injury/wisqars/index.html2010). Developmental assets: Profile of youth in a juvenile justice facility. Journal of School Health, 80, 66–72.http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1746-1561.2009.00467.x, , , , & (2006). The effect of normative and behavioral persuasion on help seeking in Thai and American college students. Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, 34, 80–93.http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/j.2161-1912.2006.tb00029.x, , , & (2007). Considering culturally relevant parenting practices in intervention development and adaptation: A randomized controlled trial of the Black Parenting Strengths and Strategies (BPSS) program. The Counseling Psychologist, 35, 797–820.http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0011000007304592, , , & (2007). An adaptive approach to family intervention: Linking engagement in family-centered intervention to reductions in adolescent problem behavior. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 75, 568–579. doi:10.1037/0022-006X.75.4.568http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.75.4.568, , , & (2001). Suicide in later life: A review and recommendations for prevention [Supplemental material]. Suicide and Life Threatening Behavior, 31, 32–47.http://dx.doi.org/10.1521/suli.22.214.171.124.24221(2004). Preventive counseling: Helping people to become empowered in systems and settings ((2nd ed.). New York, NY: Brunner-Routledge.2010). Prevention program development and evaluation. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.(2008). Two key strategies for teaching prevention: Specialized course and infusion. Journal of Primary Prevention, 29, 375–401.http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10935-008-0146-8, , , , & (1996). The Great Smoky Mountains study of youth: Functional impairment and serious emotional disturbance. Archives of General Psychiatry, 53, 1137–1143.http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.1996.01830120077013, , , , , & (1990). Ethical considerations in the design, implementation, and evaluation of developmental interventions. In C.B.Fisher & W.W.Tryon (Eds.), Ethics in applied developmental psychology: Emerging issues in an emerging field: Vol. 4. Annual advances in applied developmental psychology (pp. 93–112). Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.([Page 51]2011). Academia meets community agency: How to foster positive collaboration in domestic violence and sexual assault work. Journal of Family Violence, 26, 309–318.http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10896-011-9366-4, & (1998). Common risk and protective factors in successful prevention programs. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 68, 512–520.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/h0080360(2003). Effective prevention and health promotion programming. In T.P.Gullotta & M.Bloom (Eds.), Encyclopedia of primary prevention and health promotion (pp. 61–69). New York, NY: Kluwer.(1997). Primary prevention mental health programs for children and adolescents: A meta-analytic review. American Journal of Community Psychology, 25, 115–152.http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1024654026646, & (http://BrainyQuote.com. Retrieved from http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/quotes/d/desiderius148997.html(n.d.).2007). Blending ameliorative and transformative approaches in human service organizations: A case study. Journal of Community Psychology, 35, 329–346.http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcop.20151, , & (2011). Promoting strengths, prevention, empowerment, and community change through organizational development: Lessons for research, theory, and practice. Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community, 39, 50–64. doi:10.1080/10852352.2011.530166, , , , , , & (2006). The full-frame approach: A new response to marginalized women left behind by special services. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 76, 489–502.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0002-94126.96.36.1999, , & (Fishbein, M. (Ed.). (1967). Readings in attitude theory and measurement. New York, NY: Wiley.2010). Predicting and changing behavior: The reasoned action approach. New York, NY: Psychology Press., & (2005). Standards of evidence: Criteria for efficacy, effectiveness and dissemination. Prevention Science, 6, 151–175. doi:10.1007/s11121-005-5553-yhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11121-005-5553-y, , , , , , … (2002). Parenting the strong willed child: The clinically proven five-week program for parents of two- to six-year-olds. Chicago, IL: Contemporary Books.http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0145445509356351, & (2009). Feminist relational advocacy: Processes and outcomes from the perspective of low-income women with depression. The Counseling Psychologist, 37, 848–876.http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0011000008326325, , , , & (2004). Training counseling psychologists as social justice agents: Feminist and multicultural principles in Action. The Counseling Psychologist, 32, 793–837.http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0011000004268802, , , , , & (2007). Applying feminist theory to community practice: A case example of a multi-level empowerment intervention for low-income women with depression. In E.Aldarando (Ed.), Promoting social justice through mental health practice (pp. 265–290). New York, NY: Lawrence Erlbaum., , , , , , … (2001). The prevention of mental disorders in school-aged children: Current state of the field. Prevention & Treatment, 4, Article 1., , & ([Page 52]2003). Enhancing school-based prevention and youth development through coordinated social, emotional, and academic learning. American Psychologist, 58, 466–474.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.58.6-7.466, , , , , , & (2009). Striving for a culturally responsive process in training health professionals on Asian American and Pacific Islander youth violence prevention. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 14, 499–505. doi:10.1016/j.avb.2009.07.011http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.avb.2009.07.011, , , & (2005). Future considerations for fostering multicultural competence in mental health and educational settings: Social justice implications. In M.Constantine & D.W.Sue (Eds.), Strategies for building multicultural competence in mental health and educational settings (pp. 285–302). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.(2009). Promoting a social justice approach to prevention: Future directions for training, practice, and research. Journal of Primary Prevention, 30, 75–87.http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10935-008-0165-5, & (2007). Best practices guidelines on prevention practice, research, training, and social advocacy for psychologists. The Counseling Psychologist, 35, 493–566.http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0011000006291411, , , , , , & (2002). Reason, intuition, and social justice: Elaborating Parsons’ career decision making model. Journal of Counseling and Development, 80, 41–47.http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/j.1556-6678.2002.tb00164.x, & (2003). Bully busters: Bullies, victims and bystanders—A manual for elementary school teachers. Champaign, IL: Research Press., , & (1998). Review of community based research: Assessing partnership approaches to improve public health. Annual Review of Public Health, 19, 173–202.http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.publhealth.19.1.173, , , & (2011). Building academic research centers to advance research on violence against women: An empirical foundation. Violence Against Women, 17, 1123–1136. doi:10.1177/1077801211419086http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1077801211419086(2011). Rebooting psychotherapy research and practice to reduce the burden of mental illness. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 6, 21–37.http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1745691610393527, & (2009). The next frontier: Prevention as an instrument of social justice. Journal of Primary Prevention, 30, 1–10.http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10935-008-0163-7, & (Kenny, M.E., Horne, A.M., Orpinas, P., & Reese, L.E. (Eds.). (2009). Realizing social justice: The challenge of preventive interventions. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/11870-0002005). Practicing participatory action research. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 52, 187–195.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-0188.8.131.52, & (2001). Bringing advocacy counseling to life: The history, issues, and human dramas of social justice work in counseling. Journal of Counseling and Development, 79, 387–397.http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/j.1556-6676.2001.tb01985.x, & (2006). Prevention approaches to enhance resilience among high-risk youth. Annual New York Academy of Science, 1094, 151–163.http://dx.doi.org/10.1196/annals.1376.014, & (Lopez, S.J., & Snyder, C.R. (Eds.). (2009). Oxford handbook of positive psychology ([Page 53]2nd ed.). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.2000). The construct of resilience: A critical evaluation and guidelines for future work. Child Development, 71, 543–562.http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1467-8624.00164, , & (1999). Project DARE: No effects at 10-year follow-up. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 67, 590–593.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0022-006X.67.4.590, , , , , , & (2009). Roadmap for change: An APA task force previews its recommendations for transforming psychology practice to meet the demands of a new world. Monitor on Psychology, 40, 66.(1990). Resilience and development: Contributions from the study of children who overcame adversity. Development and Psychopathology, 2, 425–444.http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0954579400005812, , & (2004). Multiculturalism and primary prevention: Toward a new primary prevention culture. Journal of Primary Prevention, 25, 1–15.http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/B:JOPP.0000039936.64367.99, , , & (2002). The theory of reasoned action and the theory of planned behavior. In K.Glanz, B.K.Rimer, & F.M.Lewis (Eds.), Health behavior and health education: Theory, research, and practice (pp. 67–98). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass., & (2007). Social action with youth: Interventions, evaluation, and psychopolitical validity. Journal of Community Psychology, 35, 725–740.http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jcop.20175, & (2004). Community-monitoring systems: Tracking and improving the well-being of America's children and adolescents. Falls Church, VA: Society for Prevention Research. Retrieved from http://www.preventionresearch.org, , & (2003). What works in prevention: Principles of effective prevention programs. American Psychologist, 58, 449–456.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.58.6-7.449, , , , , , & (National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. (2009). The power of prevention: Chronic disease … the public health problem of the 21st century. Atlanta, GA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.National Prevention Council. (2011). National prevention strategy. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Surgeon General.O'Connell, M.E., Boat, T., & Warner, K.E. (Eds.). (2009). Preventing mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders among young people: Progress and possibilities. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.1998). Lowering the burden of suffering from child psychiatric disorder: Trade-offs among clinical, targeted and universal interventions. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 37, 686–694.http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004583-199807000-00007, , , , & (1981). Origins of human competence: A cultural-ecological perspective. Child Development, 51, 413–429.(2008). The use of theory in health behavior research from 2000–2005: A systematic review. Annals of Behavioral Medicine, 35, 358–362.http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12160-008-9042-y, , , , & (1994). On “The science of prevention.” American Psychologist, 49, 1087–1088.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.49.12.1087, & (1990). Identifying and implementing ethical standards for primary prevention. Prevention in Human Services, 8, 43–64.http://dx.doi.org/10.1300/J293v08n02_04([Page 54]President's New Freedom Commission on Mental Health. (2003). Achieving the promise: Transforming mental health care in America. Final Report (DHHS Pub. No. SMA-03-3832). Rockville, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.2003). Working Pasteur's quadrant: Harnessing science and action for community change. American Journal of Community Psychology, 31, 219–223.http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1023950402338, & (2003). Understanding, resisting, and overcoming oppression: Towards psychopolitical validity. American Journal of Community Psychology, 31, 195–201.http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1023043108210(2005). Promoting well-being: Time for a paradigm shift in health and human services. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 33 (Suppl. 66), 53–60.http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14034950510033381(2012). Wellness as fairness. American Journal of Community Psychology, 49, 1–21.http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10464-011-9448-8(2009). Community psychology: Advancing social justice. In D.Fox, I.Prilleltensky, & A.Austin (Eds.), Critical psychology (, & (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.1992). In search of how people change: Applications to addictive behaviors. American Psychologist, 47, 1102–1114.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.47.9.1102, , & (2007). Efficacy and effectiveness trials: Examples from smoking cessation and bullying prevention. Journal of Health Psychology, 12, 170–178.http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/1359105307071751, , , , & (2009). The transtheoretical model of behavior change. In S.A.Shumaker, J.K.Ockene, & K.A.Riekert (Eds.), The handbook of behavior change (, , & (3rd ed., pp. 59–83). New York, NY: Springer.2007). Culturally relevant prevention: The scientific and practical considerations of community-based programs. The Counseling Psychologist, 35, 763–778.http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0011000007304588, & (1996). National research agenda for prevention research: The National Institute of Mental Health report. American Psychologist, 51, 1109–1115.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.51.11.1109, & (2001). National estimates of mental health utilization and expenditures for children in 1998. Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research, 28, 319–333. doi:10.1007/BF02287247, & (2013). Prevention in the 21st century. In E.Vera (Ed.), Oxford handbook of prevention in counseling psychology. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.(2000a). Prevention: A call to action. The Counseling Psychologist, 28, 854–856.http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0011000000286007, & (2000b). Prevention and counseling psychology: Revitalizing commitments for the 21st century. The Counseling Psychologist, 28, 733–763.http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0011000000286001, & (2008). The application of the theory of reasoned action and planned behavior to prevention science in counseling psychology. The Counseling Psychologist, 36, 777–806.http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0011000007301670, & (2003). Next generation of preventive interventions. Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 42, 518–526. doi:10.1097/01.CHI.0000046836.90931.E9, & ([Page 55]1979). Protective factors in children's responses to stress and disadvantage. In M.Whalen & J.E.Rolf (Eds.), Primary prevention of psychopathology: Vol. 3. Social competence in children (pp. 49–74). Hanover, NH: University Press of New England.(1987). “To do or not to do?” Ethical problems for behavioral medicine. In S.Fairbairn & G.Fairbairn (Eds.), Psychology, ethics and change (pp. 191–211). New York, NY: Routledge., & (2012). A new paradigm for prevention work: The development of an ethical code. In L.Vera (Ed.). Handbook of prevention in counseling psychology. New York, NY: Oxford University Press., , & (2009). Impacting sexism through social justice prevention: Implications at the person and environmental levels. Journal of Primary Prevention, 30, 27–41.http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10935-008-0162-8, & (2005). Positive psychology progress: Empirical validation of interventions. American Psychologist, 60, 410–421.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.60.5.410, , , & (2007). Positive psychology: The scientific and practical explorations of human strengths. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage., & (2008). Counseling the culturally different: Theory and practice (, & (5th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.2005). Handbook of social justice in counseling psychology. Thousand Oaks: Sage., , , , & (2009). Promoting systemic change through the advocacy competencies. Journal of Counseling and Development, 87, 260–269.http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/j.1556-6678.2009.tb00105.x, , & (1998). Toward a framework for defining and resolving ethical issues in the protection of communities involved in primary prevention projects. Ethics & Behavior, 8, 321–337.(1990). Paradigms for prevention: Providing a context for confronting ethical issues. Prevention in Human Services, 8, 3–21.http://dx.doi.org/10.1300/J293v08n02_02, & (Trust for America's Health. (2009). Poll: American public supports investment in prevention as part of health care reform. Washington, DC: Author.2007). The words of Desmond Tutu (, & (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Newmarket Press.2009). Moving toward comprehensiveness and sustainability in a social ecological approach to youth violence prevention: Lessons from the Asian/Pacific Islander Youth Violence Prevention Center. American Journal of Community Psychology, 44, 221–232.http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10464-009-9271-7, , , , , & (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. (2003). Prevention makes common “cents.”Washington, DC: Author.U.S. Public Health Service, Office of the Surgeon General. (2004). Report of the Surgeon General's Conference on Children's Mental Health: A national action agenda. Rockville, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.2009). The role of prevention in psychology's social justice agenda. In M.Kenny, A.Horne, P.Orpinas, & L.Reese (Eds.), Realizing social justice: The challenge of prevention interventions (pp. 79–96). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association., , & ([Page 56]2000). Preventive interventions with school-age youth. In S.D.Brown & R.W.Lent (Eds.), Handbook of counseling psychology (pp. 411–434). New York, NY: Wiley., & (2007). Advocacy, outreach, and prevention: Integrating social action roles in professional training. In E.Aldarondo (Ed.), Advancing social justice through clinical practice (pp. 373–390). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum., & (2008). Depressive symptoms and change in abdominal obesity in older persons. Archives of General Psychiatry, 65, 1386–1393.http://dx.doi.org/10.1001/archpsyc.65.12.1386, , , , , , & (1998). What is participatory action research?Action Research International, Paper 2.(2009). Prevention as a mechanism for promoting positive development in the context of risk: Principles of best practice. In M.E.Kenny, A.M.Horne, P.Orpinas, & L.E.Reese (Eds.), Realizing social justice: The challenge of preventive interventions (pp. 57–78). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association., , & (1998). Comprehensive quality programming and accountability: Eight essential strategies for implementing successful prevention programs. Journal of Primary Prevention, 19, 3–30.http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1022681407618, , , , , , … (2000). The skin we're in: Teaching our teens to be emotionally strong, socially smart and spiritually connected. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster.(1994). Graduate training for a diverse world. American Journal of Community Psychology, 22, 807–809. doi:10.1007/BF02521562http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02521562(2003). Prevention that works for children and youth: An introduction. American Psychologist, 58, 425–432.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.58.6-7.425, , & (2005). Promoting and protecting youth mental health through evidence-based prevention and treatment. American Psychologist, 60, 628–648.http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.60.6.628, , , & (1992). Overcoming the odds: High risk children from birth to adulthood. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University Press.http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00004703-199404000-00012, & (World Health Organization. (Eds.). (2011). Global status report on noncommunicable diseases 2010: Description of the global burden of NCDs, their risk factors and determinants. New York, NY: Author.
About the Authors[Page 59]
Sally Hage is Program Director of the Counseling Psychology program in the Department of Psychology at Springfield College, Massachusetts. She is the Chair of the Prevention Section of the Society of Counseling Psychology and is a licensed psychologist and a licensed mental health counselor. She has published numerous journal articles and book chapters and given presentations in the areas of prevention, social justice, prevention of intimate partner violence, and spiritual and religious diversity. She received her PhD in counseling psychology from the University of Minnesota and her MDiv from the University of Notre Dame.
John L. Romano is a professor in the Department of Educational Psychology, Counseling and Student Personnel Psychology Program, at the University of Minnesota. He has served terms as Program Coordinator and Training Director, Department Chair, and Assistant Vice President for International Scholarship at the University of Minnesota. His research and writing in recent years have focused on prevention in the counseling, psychology, and the human development professions. He is a founding member and first Chair of the Prevention Section of the Society of Counseling Psychology and was the recipient of the Inaugural Lifetime Achievement Award given by the Prevention Section. He also has been a corecipient of the American Counseling Association Research Award. Throughout his career, he has been active internationally—serving in the Peace Corps in Nigeria, as an external examiner for institutions in Malaysia and Singapore, and as a visiting professor in Thailand. He is also cofounder of the Minnesota International Counseling Institute. He is a Fellow of the American Psychological Association, Divisions 17 (Counseling Psychology) and 52 (International Psychology). He has served on various counseling and psychology journal editorial boards at home and abroad and served two terms on the Minnesota Board of Psychology. He is licensed as a psychologist and marriage and family therapist in Minnesota.