• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

Behavior Change in the Human Services, Fifth Edition continues to provide a systematic introduction and overview of behavioral and cognitive principles and their applications to a wide range of problems and situations encountered in the human service professions. Designed for students and practitioners, the book uses a unique problem-solving framework to demonstrate how behavior change principles can be applied to practice situations. The book features a detailed and sequential organization that encourages readers to move progressively through material of increasing complexity and to conduct self-assessments of their knowledge. The Fifth Edition includes eight clinical case studies and many new and engaging examples that address issues such as substance abuse, child behavior problems, assertiveness, marital discord, and developing appropriate social behaviors.

Shaping and Response Differentiation
Shaping and response differentiation

When Joe tries to talk with his stepfather about problems at school, his stepfather turns on the television and looks away from Joe. When Joe talks about sports, however, his stepfather looks at him, nods his head, and discusses the topic with him. Joe and his stepfather often have conversations about sports but rarely discuss the problems Joe is having at school.

Objectives

After completing this chapter, you should be able to do the following:

  • Define a response class and give an example.
  • Give an example of response differentiation.
  • Describe how the DRO procedure can be used to decrease the rate of a response.
  • Identify the steps involved in the procedure of shaping a behavior with successive approximations.
Differential Reinforcement

In Chapter 2, we defined operant ...

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