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Shaping and Response Differentiation
Shaping and response differentiation

When Joe tries to talk with his stepfather about problems at school, his stepfather turns on the television and looks away from Joe. When Joe talks about sports, however, his stepfather looks at him, nods his head, and discusses the topic with him. Joe and his stepfather often have conversations about sports but rarely discuss the problems Joe is having at school.


After completing this chapter, you should be able to do the following:

  • Define a response class and give an example.
  • Give an example of response differentiation.
  • Describe how the DRO procedure can be used to decrease the rate of a response.
  • Identify the steps involved in the procedure of shaping a behavior with successive approximations.
Differential Reinforcement

In Chapter 2, we defined operant ...

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