• Summary
  • Contents
  • Subject index

“Sharpe and Koperwas provide a methodological framework that objectifies the complexity of behavior. This book's quantitative and multiple-event approach to data collection and analysis is essential for effective descriptions and explanations of the behavior of humans and nonhumans. Of particular note is the multidisciplinary applicability of the methodology and that the methods can be used by basic, applied, and clinical researchers. Human service providers are being increasingly pressured to take objective measures; practitioners should find much in this book to help them satisfactorily meet these demands. The authors' sensitivity to clarity of presentation makes the book an excellent primary or supplementary text for any course in behavior methodology.”

-- Dennis J. Delprato, Eastern Michigan University

“I think the author did a very thoughtful, informed analysis and presentation ...

Approaches to Recording Direct Observational Data
Approaches to recording direct observational data

Direct observation recording is the terminal event of a complex series that begins with defining the response class of interest, proceeds through direct observation, and culminates in creating a permanent record of the behavior(s) of interest … the quality of this scientific process cannot exceed the characteristics of that record.

— Johnston and Pennypacker (1980, p. 49)

After reading this chapter, you should be able to define the following terms and provide the information requested in the study guide.

DurationEvent recording
PercentageDuration recording
CelerationTime sampling
Cumulative recordReal time
Study Guide
  • List, define, and provide an example of each of the measurement options available to researchers engaged in direct observation research activity, which are listed in Table 7.1.

    Table 7.1 A Summary ...

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