- Subject index
This book refutes the rising general perception that the gender gap in India is decreasing. The argument is strengthened by calculating the gender gap index at two time periods and providing quantitative information along with information pertaining to numerous case studies.
Selecting relevant welfare indicators and focusing on the neglected dimensions of gender equity, Bearing the Brunt: Impact of Rural Distress on Women discusses the gendered impact of rural economic distress with respect to employment, agricultural production, natural resource management, and food security. It shows that women are bearing the brunt of the increase in rural economic distress at the turn of the century, with spillover effects on their physical and social wellbeing. The gender gap index shows a widening of the gender gap in welfare ...
Chapter 2: Women in Agricultural Production
Women in Agricultural Production
Feminization of Agriculture
Feminization of agriculture is not specific to India. It has been noticed all over Asia—in South Asia, South-East Asia, and in parts of West Asia (FAO 2003). It has been pointed out that the Indian case is different from that of East Asia (Chandra Sekhar and Ghosh 1999). Feminization of agriculture normally takes place due to male out-migration leading to a shift of males from low paid agriculture to high paid industry. In India, it appears that migration has been distress migration induced by increasing number of casual workers seasonally migrating to areas with prosperous agriculture and casual workers migrating to urban areas, leaving unprofitable crop production behind. Distress migration has been noticed to low paid ...