Asian Americans: Contemporary Trends and Issues


Edited by: Pyong Gap Min

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    I would not have been able to publish this second edition of Asian Americans in a timely manner without cooperation by a number of people. They deserve my formal gratitude here. First of all, I owe many debts to the eight contributors who completed 7 of the 12 chapters of this book and Steve Gold, who selected photo images and wrote the captions. Five of the seven chapters were written by new contributors. As such, these contributors spent a great deal of time and energy in preparing entirely new manuscripts for this second edition. I appreciate these contributors for recognizing the importance of this book project and completing excellent chapters in a timely manner, which made my editing job easier than usual. Steve Gold, arguably the most widely known visual sociologist, also helped me save much time and energy by selecting most photos by himself and writing exciting captions within a short period of time.

    I would like to express my gratitude to Jerry Westby, executive editor of Sage Publications. From the beginning, he encouraged me to initiate the second edition of Asian Americans and pushed me hard to complete it following the original timetable. My acknowledgment also goes to Benjamin Penner, acquisitions editor of Pine Forge Press. He was very efficient in communicating with me and processing the manuscripts. I also would like to thank both Westby and Penner for their patience. I also would like to extend my gratitude to Claudia Hoffman and Tracy Alpern, project editors, and Brenda Weight for editing the entire manuscript efficiently but quickly and communicating with me with much humor.

    Before we started the book project, Benjamin Penner had sent out letters to several reviewers (instructors of Asian American courses), asking them to evaluate the first edition of the book and to write suggestions for revisions. The instructors' comments and suggestions were of great help in planning how to revise the book and deciding what additional topics should be included. I also would like to express my thanks to these reviewers.

    I would like to acknowledge that my institution, Queens College, and a few students/staff members here aided me in completing 5 of the 12 chapters and editing the entire book project. The 2003 Queens College Presidential In-Residence Release Time Award enabled me to find time to write some of the five chapters. I would like to express my gratitude to the president and the award committee for selecting me as one of the two recipients of the award in the year. I also owe debts to Soyoung Lee for making tables and figures for my chapters; Tiffany Vélez for proofreading my own and other contributors' chapters; and Susan Weber, the main statistician in the Department of Sociology, for analyzing the 2000 Census PUMS to tabulate Asian Americans' socioeconomic indicators.

    Finally, my wife, Young Oak's encouragement and unwavering support of my academic activities have been essential to the completion of this book project, as well as to other academic achievements I have made during recent years. For this book project, she proofread and edited many chapters.

  • About the Editor

    Pyong Gap Min is Professor of Sociology at Queens College and the Graduate Center of CUNY. He was born in Korea and completed his undergraduate education at Seoul National University majoring in history. Upon completing his college education, he worked as a reporter for Korea Herald, an English daily in Korea, and taught English in a high school there. He came to the United States in 1972 for further study. He received a master's degree in history and two PhD degrees, one in educational philosophy and the other in sociology, all from Georgia State University.

    The areas of his research interest and focus are immigration, ethnic identity, ethnic business, religion, and family/gender, with a special focus on Asian/Korean Americans. His books include Caught in the Middle: Korean Communities in New York and Los Angeles (1996) and Changes and Conflicts: Korean Immigrant Families in New York (1998). Caught in the Middle was selected as the winner of the 1997 National Book Award in Social Science by the Association for Asian American Studies and as a cowinner of the 1998 Outstanding Book Award by the Asian and Asian American Section of the American Sociological Association. He is the editor or a coeditor of several books, which include Struggle for Ethnic Identity: Personal Narratives by Asian American Professionals (with Rose Kim, 1999), Mass Migration to the United States: Classical and Contemporary Periods (2002), and Encyclopedia of Racism in the United States (three volumes, 2005).

    He is currently completing two book manuscripts. One compares Korean Protestants and Indian Hindus in the ethnicity function of religion. The other focuses on the Korean victims of Japanese military sexual slavery and the redress movement for them in South Korea. He is also conducting a research project, funded by the National Science Foundation, which compares Chinese, Indian, and Korean immigrant businesses in New York with regard to their effects on ethnic attachment and ethnic solidarity.

    About the Contributors

    Daisuke Akiba is Assistant Professor of Educational Psychology at Queens College and the Graduate Center of the City University of New York, where he teaches child development, educational psychology, and urban education. While his graduate training at Brown University was in social-developmental psychology with a cultural focus, he gained an extensive interdisciplinary experience in anthropology, education, and sociology as a MacArthur Foundation Postdoctoral Fellow. As a result, his research interest includes a range of social and psychological phenomena as experienced by people of color. His recent publications have dealt with such topics as the multiplicity of identities among children from immigrant families (with Cynthia García Coll) and the deconstruction of cultural sensitivity among white Americans (with Fayneese Miller).

    Carl L. Bankston, III, is Professor of Sociology, Director of Graduate Studies in Sociology, and Director of the Asian Studies Program at Tulane University. He spent most of the 1980s living and working in Asia, including 5 years in the Philippines. His books include Growing Up American: How Vietnamese Children Adapt to Life in the United States (1998) and Straddling Two Social Worlds: The Experience of Vietnamese Refugee Children in the United States (2000), both coauthored with Min Zhou. He has also written and edited a number of other books, in addition to over 85 journal articles and book chapters, and has received the Thomas and Znaniecki Award of the International Migration Section of the American Sociological Association, the Mid-South Sociological Association Distinguished Book Award, and the Literary Award of the Louisiana Library Association.

    Steven J. Gold is Professor and Associate Chair in the Department of Sociology at Michigan State University. He has published articles on qualitative research methods, visual sociology, immigration, ethnic economies, and ethnic community development in numerous journals and edited volumes. He has served as president of the International Visual Sociology Association and chair of the International Migration Section of the American Sociological Association. He is coeditor of Immigration Research for a New Century: Multidisciplinary Perspectives (Russell Sage Foundation, 2000, with Rubén Rumbaut and Nancy Foner), and the author of four books, including Ethnic Economies (with Ivan Light, 2000) and The Israeli Diaspora (2002). The Israeli Diaspora won the 2003 Thomas and Znaniecki Award given by the International Migration Section of the American Sociological Association.

    Nazli Kibria is Associate Professor of Sociology at Boston University where she teaches courses on the sociology of family, childhood, and race and ethnic relations. Her research interests are in the areas of globalization and identity with a focus on South Asia. Her publications include Becoming Asian American: Identities of Second Generation Chinese and Korean Americans (2002) and Family Tightrope: The Changing Lives of Vietnamese Americans (1993). She is currently working on a study of religion and identity in the Bangladeshi diaspora, including communities in the U.S., Britain, the Middle East, and Southeast Asia. She is originally from Bangladesh.

    Rubén G. Rumbaut is Professor of Sociology at the University of California, Irvine, and Co-Director of UCI's Center for Research on Immigration, Population and Public Policy. He directed throughout the 1980s the principal studies of the migration and incorporation of refugees from Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia. He has codirected since 1991 the landmark Children of Immigrants Longitudinal Study (CILS), and since 2002 a new large-scale study, Immigration and Intergenerational Mobility in Metropolitan Los Angeles (IIMMLA). His books include the critically acclaimed Immigrant America: A Portrait (with Alejandro Portes, 1990, 1996), and Legacies: The Story of the Immigrant Second Generation (with Alejandro Portes, 2001). Legacies won the Distinguished Scholarly Publication Award of the American Sociological Association in 2002, as well as the 2002 Thomas and Znaniecki Award for best book in the immigration field.

    Arthur Sakamoto is Associate Professor of Sociology at the University of Texas at Austin where he is also affiliated with the Center for Asian American Studies and the Population Research Center. His areas of research interest include Asian American Studies, racial and ethnic relations, social stratification, and economic sociology. His publications have appeared in American Sociological Review, Asian American Policy Review, Demography, and Sociological Perspectives. He serves on the editorial board of Research in Social Stratification and Mobility. His current research includes studies of Asian Americans using data from the 2000 U.S. Census. He recently published “A Demographic Profile of Asian Texans” (with H. Woo and K. L. Yap) in The Asian Texans, edited by I. Tang.

    Morrison G. Wong is Professor of Sociology at Texas Christian University. He has published numerous articles and book chapters on the Asian experience in the United States, examining such aspects as immigration trends, socioeconomic status and achievement, model student stereotypes, and hate crimes and Asian Americans. His more specific research topics focus on the Chinese elderly in the United States, the Chinese American family, and the Chinese experience in the United States. His articles coauthored with Charles Hirschman were published in American Journal of Sociology, Social Forces, and Sociological Quarterly. His single-authored articles were published in such journals as International Migration Review, Pacific Sociological Review, Sociological Perspectives, and The Annals of the American Academy of Social and Political Science.

    Yu Xie is Otis Dudley Duncan Professor of Sociology and Statistics at the University of Michigan. He is also a Research Professor at the Population Studies Center and the Survey Research Center of the Institute for Social Research, where he directs the Quantitative Methodology Program. His main areas of interest are social stratification, statistical methods, social demography, Chinese studies, and sociology of science. He recently published Statistical Methods for Categorical Data Analysis with Daniel Powers (Academic Press, 2000), Women in Science: Career Processes and Outcomes with Kimberlee Shauman (Harvard University Press, 2003), and A Demographic Portrait of Asian Americans with Kimberly Goyette (Russell Sage Foundation and Population Reference Bureau, 2004). In 2004, he was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and an Academician of Academia Sinica in Taiwan.

    Philip Q. Yang holds a PhD degree in Sociology from the University of California at Los Angeles and is currently Associate Professor of Sociology at Texas Woman's University. He is the author of Ethnic Studies: Issues and Approaches (State University of New York Press, 2000) and Post-1965 Immigration to the United States: Structural Determinants (Praeger, 1995). He is also the editor of Introduction to Ethnic Studies: A Reader (Kendall/Hunt, 1999). He has published numerous articles on immigration, citizenship acquisition, Chinese immigration and immigrants, Asian Americans/immigrants, transnationalism, ethnic studies, and so forth in many journals including International Migration Review, Diaspora, Journal of Asian American Studies, Ethnic and Racial Studies, Ethnic Studies Review, and edited volumes. He is completing a project on generational differences of Asian Americans in educational attainment funded by the National Science Foundation.

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