Applied Cross-Cultural Psychology
Publication Year: 1990
Subject: Cross-Cultural Psychology
Cross-cultural contacts are now commonplace. In schools, neighborhoods, and businesses cultural diversity is now the rule, not the exception. And, as this contact increases, it raises several important–and fundamental–questions. How valid are our self-perceptions in relation to other cultures? How receptive are we to the viewpoints of other cultures? Indeed, are differences necessarily detriments? In Applied Cross-Cultural Psychology, a distinguished international team of experts examines the many facets of the cross-cultural experience, including cross-cultural testing and assessment, the psychological effects of acculturation, the role of foreign students, industrial and organizational psychology, acculturation and emotional and physical health, and cross-cultural orientation programs. Specific methodologies and how they may be applied in different areas, the emphasis on basics rather than complex theoretical issues, and the development of ...
- Front Matter
- Back Matter
- Subject Index
- Chapter 1: Applied Cross-Cultural Psychology: An Introduction
- Chapter 2: Theoretical Concepts that are Applicable to the Analysis of Ethnocentrism
- Chapter 3: An Overview of Cross-Cultural Testing and Assessment
- Chapter 4: Interventions for Development out of Poverty
- Chapter 5: Cross-Cultural Psychology and the Formal Classroom
- Chapter 6: Family and Home-Based Intervention
- Chapter 7: Indigenous Psychology: Science and Applications
- Chapter 8: International Students: Cross-Cultural Psychological Perspectives
- Chapter 9: Work Attitudes, Leadership Styles, and Managerial Behaviors in Different Cultures
- Chapter 10: Dispute Processing: A Cross-Cultural Analysis
- Chapter 11: Psychology of Acculturation: Understanding Individuals Moving Between Cultures
- Chapter 12: The Environment, Culture, and Behavior
- Chapter 13: Culture and Health
- Chapter 14: Applications of Cross-Cultural Psychology in the Field of Mental Health
- Chapter 15: Cross-Cultural Orientation Programs
Cross-Cultural Research and Methodology Series[Page 2]
Walter J. Lonner, Department of Psychology, Western Washington University (United States)
John W. Berry, Department of Psychology, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario (Canada)
Volumes in this series:
Volume 4 Myerhoff/Simić LIFE'S CAREER-AGING
Volume 5 Hofstede CULTURE'S CONSEQUENCES
Volume 6 Williams/Best MEASURING SEX STEREOTYPES, Revised Edition
Volume 7 Pedersen/Sartorius/Marsella MENTAL HEALTH SERVICES
Volume 8 Lonner/Berry FIELD METHODS IN CROSS-CULTURAL RESEARCH
Volume 9 Cushner/Brislin INTERCULTURAL INTERACTIONS (2nd edition)
Volume 10 Dasen/Berry/Sartorius HEALTH AND CROSS-CULTURAL PSYCHOLOGY
Volume 11 Bond THE CROSS-CULTURAL CHALLENGE TO SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY
Volume 12 Ward ALTERED STATES OF CONSCIOUSNESS AND MENTAL HEALTH
Volume 13 Williams/Best SEX AND PSYCHE
Volume 14 Brislin APPLIED CROSS-CULTURAL PSYCHOLOGY
Volume 15 De Vos/Suárez-Orozco STATUS INEQUALITY
Volume 16 Nsamenang HUMAN DEVELOPMENT IN CULTURAL CONTEXT
Volume 17 Kim/Berry INDIGENOUS PSYCHOLOGIES
Volume 18 Kim/Triandis/Kagitçibasi/Choi/Yoon INDIVIDUALISM AND COLLECTIVISM
Copyright © 1990 by Sage Publications, Inc.
All rights reserved. No part of this book may be reproduced or utilized in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage and retrieval system, without permission in writing from the publisher.
For information address:
SAGE Publications, Inc.
2455 Teller Road
Newbury Park, California 91320
SAGE Publications Ltd.
6 Bonhill Street
London EC2A 4PU
SAGE Publications India Pvt. Ltd.
Greater Kailash I
New Delhi 110 048 India
Printed in the United States of America
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data
Applied cross-cultural psychology / edited by Richard W. Brislin
p. cm. — (Cross-cultural research and methodology series; vol. 14)
Includes bibliographical references.
ISBN 0-8039-3785-7. — ISBN 0-8039-3786-5 (pbk.)
1. Ethnopsychology—Cross-cultural studies. 2. Psychology, Applied—Cross-cultural studies. I. Brislin, Richard W., 1945-II. Series: Cross-cultural research and methodology series; v. 14.
99 00 01 10 9 8 7 6
Sage Production Editor: Susan McElroy
About the Series[Page 7]
The Sage Series on Cross-Cultural Research and Methodology was created to present comparative studies on cross-cultural topics and interdisciplinary research. Inaugurated in 1975, the series is designed to satisfy a growing need to integrate research method and theory and to dissect issues from a comparative perspective; a truly international approach to the study of behavioral, social, and cultural variables can be done only within such a methodological framework.
Each volume in the series presents substantive cross-cultural studies and considerations of the strengths, interrelationships, and weaknesses of its various methodologies, drawing upon work done in anthropology, political science, psychology, and sociology. Both individual researchers knowledgeable in more than one discipline and teams of specialists with differing disciplinary backgrounds have contributed to the series. While each individual volume may represent the integration of only a few disciplines, the cumulative totality of the series reflects an effort to bridge gaps of methodology and conceptualization across the various disciplines and many cultures.
When Richard Brislin was corresponding with the contributing chapter authors shortly after he had invited them to prepare manuscripts for this volume in the series, he asked them to keep two audiences in mind. The first audience, he said, should be undergraduate students. He correctly assumed that the very broad base represented by chapters in this volume would be appealing to many college and university faculty who might select it as a text, or a supplement to a text, in undergraduate courses dealing with cultural factors in human behavior. For this reason, the book contains the basics and not complex theoretical issues. Brislin identified the second audience as practitioners who would benefit from a review of the concepts being presented. For instance, clinical and counseling psychologists would benefit from Juris Draguns's chapter; industrial/organizational psychologists, from the overview of Harry Hui; those interested in culture and epidemiology, by Lisa Ilola's chapter; and so forth. The title, Applied Cross-Cultural Psychology, is, therefore, appropriate. We believe that the book will be attractive to a variety of relative newcomers as well as seasoned cross-culturalists, and especially to those who are looking for a fairly comprehensive and clearly written sketch of current knowledge with a cross-cultural focus in several different areas of the social and behavioral sciences.[Page 8]
As series editors, we want to point out two things that may help in understanding the nature of this volume. First, this is not the first book with the title Applied Cross-Cultural Psychology. The first book carrying that title was the collection of readings resulting from the second international conference of the International Association of Cross-Cultural Psychology (that book was edited by Berry and Lonner, and was published by Swets and Zeitlinger in 1974). The current book, however, is much more applied (in the real sense of that word) than the 1974 book. Second, this current book is somewhat of a companion to Volume 8 in the series Field Methods in Cross-Cultural Research (edited by Lonner and Berry, and published by Sage in 1986). In combination, these two books would provide the cross-cultural researcher with specific methodologies and information on how they may be used in different applied areas.
We want to express our thanks to Rich Brislin for doing a characteristically excellent job of organizing and editing the book as well as convening the 1989 workshop at the East-West Center's Institute of Culture and Communication. We also want to thank Helen de Leon Palmore, Program Officer at ICC, for the key role she played in making the workshop a successful and pleasant experience. At the workshop, drafts of all chapters were presented and discussed, and the whole process was a productive and smooth operation resulting in this very welcome addition to the series.—Acknowledgments
Rich would like to acknowledge a number of people whose efforts were indispensable. The unwavering support of Dr. Victor Hao Li, president of the East-West Center, and Robert Hewett, Director of the Center's Institute of Culture and Communication, made the entire project possible. A number of people took on tasks at various stages during the book's preparation. These tasks included reading chapters and suggesting sentences in need of clarification, assisting at the conference that brought the chapter authors together, assisting in the preparation of indices, and identifying places were examples would help in the exposition of theoretical points. Heidi Denecke, Tamara Echter, Sharon Gorman, John Howe, Fran Mularski, Shakti Rana, Vasanthi Ranganathan, and Tammy Stein involved themselves in these tasks, and the authors join Rich in expressing their gratitude.
About the Authors