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Onset of Crime
Onset of Crime

Onset of criminal behavior is perhaps the most studied phenomena in criminology. In classical criminological theory, onset is seen as the end result of social learning processes (Akers, 1985; Sutherland, 1947), low social and/or personal controls (Gottfredson and Hirschi, 1990; Hirschi, 1969; Reiss, 1951), drift (Matza, 1964), or certain adaptations to the experience of strain (Agnew, 1992; Merton, 1938), to mention just a few of the more well-known examples. Onset, in turn, is associated with processes of labeling (Becker, 1963), stigma (Goffman, 1963), and, as a result, secondary deviance (or, persistence) and continuity in the new behavior (Lemert, 1951), due to the societal reactions that onset tends to generate when detected by others.

Today, onset is also part of the ...

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