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Jacqui Smith

In: Action & Self-Development: Theory and Research Through the Life Span

Chapter 8: Life Planning: Anticipating Future Life Goals and Managing Personal Development

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Life Planning: Anticipating Future Life Goals and Managing Personal Development
Life planning: Anticipating future life goals and managing personal development
JacquiSmith

Why do individuals actively anticipate and make plans about future life events or life goals? Motivational theories suggest that anticipatory planning serves several purposes. It reduces uncertainty, helps the individual to get over initial problems in starting work on a goal, establishes a mind-set conducive to achieving the goal, and helps to minimize stress for the individual and others (e.g., Aspinwall & Taylor, 1997; Buehler, Griffin, & MacDonald, 1997; Gollwitzer, 1996). Planning also provides the individual with a means of testing alternative actions without actually evoking the physical resources or social and personal costs necessary to engage in the action (Austin & Vancouver, 1996). Furthermore, once ...

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