• Entry
  • Reader's guide
  • Entries A-Z
  • Subject index

Tajikistan

The central Asian republic of Tajikistan has had a diverse history. Despite conflicts designed to prevent a Bolshevik takeover of central Asia after 1917, the Soviets gained control in 1925. Four years later, they established the Tajik SSR. A five-year civil war broke out in 1991 with the dissolution of the Soviet Union. While most former Soviet republics have become economically vulnerable, Tajikistan is the poorest among them with a per capita income of only $1,800. Sixty percent of the population lives below the poverty line.

Nearly 80 percent of the population is Tajikand, and 85 percent of Tajikistanis are Sunni Muslims. Since the post-Soviet return to traditionalism, there has been little separation of church and state. Even though women have a constitutional right to equality, ...

    • Loading...
    locked icon

    Sign in to access this content

    Get a 30 day FREE TRIAL

    • Watch videos from a variety of sources bringing classroom topics to life
    • Read modern, diverse business cases
    • Explore hundreds of books and reference titles