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HIV/AIDS: North America

While human immunodeficiency virus and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) were initially identified as diseases that primarily affected men, women have continued to contract HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, at disproportionately greater rates. The effects on women and families have become catastrophic in some regions, with women and children diagnosed more frequently than men. As of the end of 2007, there were approximately 3 million cases of women with HIV in North America. The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that at least 25 percent of individuals with HIV are unaware of their positive status. This article will summarize the impact of HIV/AIDs, present prevalence and transmission issues unique to each region, and discuss research and prevention.

HIV in Canada
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