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The Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, with an area of almost 35,500 square miles (57,100 km2) in the heart of the Middle East, nestles between Egypt, Iraq, Israel and the Palestinian Territories, Saudi Arabia, and Syria. Because of this geostrategic location and as part of the Holy Land, Jordan has always been an area of settlement near major trade routes.

The Jordanian population is composed of a variety of cultural groups that have decisively shaped the meaning of Jordan. As of January 2016, the country has 9.5 million inhabitants. The number of Jordanians is around 6.6 million; the number of non-Jordanians who reside in the country is around 2.9 million (e.g., 1.3 million Syrians; Palestinian, 634,200; Iraqi, 131,000). Furthermore, Jordan is considered one of the most tolerant ...

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