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Tanzania, located in East Africa and bordered in the East by the Indian Ocean; in the north by Kenya and Uganda; in the west by Rwanda, Burundi, the Congo, and Zambia; and in the south by Malawi and Mozambique, is 947,303 square kilometers with a population of over 51 million. It is an extremely poor country and ranked 159 out of 187 countries in poverty in the 2014 UN Human Development Index. However, Tanzania has significant tourism resources that make it an important destination for safari tourism, ecotourism, and beach tourism. It contains one of the world’s largest population of charismatic mammal species (e.g., lions, elephants, rhinoceros, gazelles, antelopes, chimpanzees, cheetahs, zebra), and over 30% of the country is classified as some type of ...

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