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The traditional primary role of a government is mainly focused on the security of a state and people from war, that is, external collective violence, to achieve political or ideological aims. Thus, the traditional security studies almost never pay attention to health as a national security issue. However, that is not the case anymore. This entry discusses the many worldwide organizations that are addressing health security.

According to Christian Enemark and Sara E. Davies, the health issue becomes a national security concern mainly through three routes. First, the interest of the public health discipline has promoted the “securitization” of health. In other words, the public health sector needed both political legitimacy and financial support to address isolated health problems. Second, the new type of health threat ...

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