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Grenada, an island nation, is located about halfway between Trinidad and Tobago and St. Vincent and the Grenadines in the island chain that divides the Caribbean Sea from the Atlantic Ocean. Grenada’s population is less than 110,000 (2014 estimate), and its land area is 133 square miles. The capital and largest city is St. George’s.

On October 25, 1983, following the overthrow and murder of Prime Minister Maurice Bishop and an appeal by the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States, a combined U.S.-Caribbean military force invaded Grenada. A turning point in American post–Vietnam War military affairs, the invasion signaled the willingness of the administration of President Ronald Reagan to use military force in anticommunist actions. This entry discusses the history of Grenada, focusing on events that ...

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