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Among regions of the world where geography has a close connection to war, broadly understood, South Asia stands out. The region is often referred to as the Indian subcontinent. It protrudes from the Eurasian landmass into the ocean. Shaped like an arrowhead, southern India divides the Indian Ocean into the Arabian Sea to the west and the Bay of Bengal to the east. This entry examines the changing borders and the conflicts of the countries of the South Asia region.

Geographic Divisions

India and its immediate land and maritime neighbors together form the distinct region of South Asia. Countries usually included in South Asia are India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, and the Maldives. While Myanmar (Burma) and India share a land border spanning over 1,600 ...

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