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The notion of environmental security and its strategic importance for a global geopolitical balance arose for the first time in 1972 during Stockholm’s First UN Conference on Human Environment, but it was not until 15 years later, in 1987, that the international community recognized its value during the 42nd session of the UN General Assembly. On the basis of the conclusions of the Brundtland Commission Report, several international organizations focused on issues linked to environmental security.

At a global level, the organizations included the UN Food and Agriculture Organization, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, the International Seabed Authority, the UN Environment Programme, the World Meteorological Organization, the International Atomic Energy Agency, and the newborn World Nature Organization. At a regional level, organizations such as ...

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