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In the aftermath of World War II, Germany was divided among the Allied victors: the United States, Great Britain, France, and the Soviet Union. Additionally, the city of Berlin, which was deep in the Soviet zone, was also fragmented between the four countries, with the Soviet Union taking the eastern part of the city. The Soviet Union installed a communist government in their German zones, called the German Democratic Republic (GDR). The United States, Great Britain, and France installed a capitalist government in their zones, called the Federal Republic of Germany, or commonly referred to as West Germany. One of the main issues the Soviet Union faced following the war and during the 1950s was the exodus of millions of residents from the GDR to ...

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