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The outcome of war is always tragic; it is a threat to physiological and psychological well-being, it threatens human rights and human values of all, and it falls heavily on women. This entry discusses the way in which structural gender inequalities impact women in war time. It then describes the forms violence against women can take in the context of armed conflict, including rape, sexual slavery, HIV exposure, and domestic violence. It concludes with a discussion of ways in which international organizations have addressed these problems and attempted to promote recovery, reconstruction, and reconciliation.

Gender Inequities

Generally, women rarely have the same resources, political rights, authority, economic resources, or control over their environment and needs as men. The workload of women may also increase when men leave ...

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