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The Republic of Turkey developed as a result of the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire. During this dissolution, the Turkish nationalists led a struggle against the post–World War I peace imposed by the Allies. As a result of this, Turkish society has been profoundly influenced by the military since the founding of the republic. Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, recognized as the founder of modern Turkey, was a military man raised in the Ottoman military schools. He and many of the other nationalists were Ottoman military school graduates, but they gave up on the Ottoman Empire. The nationalists battled officials from the old empire, the French, Armenian nationalists, and, most importantly, the Greeks, from 1919 to 1922. This series of wars and conflicts laid the groundwork for ...

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