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The Citadel, The Military College of South Carolina

The Citadel, The Military College of South Carolina, opened in 1843 as an all-male school to educate men on military practices and to guard the South Carolina arsenal. In the 20th century, this school, located in Charleston, was challenged by the integration of African Americans and women, but the eventual changes to its traditions and standards had an important social impact on collegiate military education.

History

The first group of cadets reported to The Citadel on March 20, 1843. This group comprised men from 29 districts in South Carolina, with equal numbers of scholarship and paying students. Applicants were selected based on three qualifications: academic ability, character, and ability to perform military duties. The life of a cadet was a rigorous one, starting at 6:00 a.m. and ...

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