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The term smuggling usually refers to the illicit transportation, transfer, or trade of goods, fauna, flora, or people across a border or premise in order to avoid the payment of taxes. However, the goal of smuggling may also be to avoid complying with laws that limit or prohibit the introduction of the goods or people across a specific border or geography.

Smuggling is commonly used synonymously with the term trafficking, although some note specific differences between the terms, adducing that whereas trafficking is often illegal but not necessarily always so, smuggling always refers to an illegal action. Smuggling is related to trafficking when it refers to the transportation and commercialization of human beings, drugs, endangered species, and organs for transplant, among others. Smuggling is also linked ...

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