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Privatization and Private-Sector Military Contractors

In modern American and Western European usage, the privatization of war refers to the process of transferring some aspect of war making from the government to the private sector or outsourcing military roles that used to be filled by the government to private firms, such as private military contractors (PMCs) or private security contractors (PSCs). Although the recent rise in military privatization has been controversial, throughout history, the involvement of the private sector in war has been more common than not.

Until comparatively recently, most states did not have the capacity to direct or pay for all aspects of war making. Instead, they made use of private enterprise not only to raise and command armed forces, in the case of mercenaries, but also to supply ...

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