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Telemedicine is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) as

the delivery of health care services, where distance is a critical factor, by all health care professionals using information and communication technologies for the exchange of valid information for diagnosis, treatment and prevention of disease and injuries, research and evaluation, and for the continuing education of health care providers, all in the interests of advancing the health of individuals and their communities. (WHO, 2010, p. 9)

The term telemedicine is derived from the Latin medicus and Greek tele, thus meaning “healing at a distance.” The concept has the potential to bridge a proximity gap between patients and providers, opening access to those in rural areas or for those who may have mobility restrictions. However, telemedicine expands its ...

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