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Hypertext markup language (HTML) is the standard language for creating webpages and applications, and it is thus one of the foundational technologies of the World Wide Web. Hypertexts are links that connect webpages. The term markup originates from the traditional practice of “marking up” the margins of a paper manuscript with printer’s instructions. Every one of the world’s billions of webpages is written in a version of HTML. It is how all web browsers interpret text, images, film, and audio material to display them as intended. When documents are sent to a webpage, HTML structures them semantically, which gives them their appearance. It can embed programs such as Java to create the style and content of webpages. In addition to webpages, HTML is used in ...

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