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Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010

The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act of 2010 (PPACA), alternately referred to as the Affordable Care Act or Obamacare, is President Barack Obama’s signature legislative initiative, signed into law on March 23, 2010. The law uses a variety of measures to provide more Americans with health insurance, including the creation of state and federal insurance exchanges, as well as the expansion of eligibility for Medicaid. Before and after its passage, the law was the subject of intense political debate, and several legal challenges and controversies, including privacy concerns, continue to exist.

Passage

During the 2008 presidential campaign, Barack Obama, the Democratic candidate, promised that if elected, reforming the U.S. health care system would be among his top legislative priorities. Democrats had long held the goal of ...

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